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Juvenile Diabetes Essay

2280 words - 10 pages

Juvenile Diabetes
Juvenile diabetes, also known as Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an immune mediated disease. It is a chronic condition that cannot be cured. This type of diabetes requires the person to self-medicate with synthetic human insulin. Juvenile diabetes can affect many organs in the body like the brain, heart, and lungs. A person can have mild to moderate signs and symptoms relating to the diabetes. There are several diagnostic tests that can help determine if diabetes is present. Having a healthy life style [The preceding two words are spelled as one word] and following a healthy diet can help maintain diabetes. Many famous people live with the disease today and are ...view middle of the document...

In juvenile diabetes, the body’s own T cells attack and destroy pancreatic B cells (Lewis, Dirken, Heitkemper, Bucher, & Camera, 2011, p. 1222). Juvenile diabetes is considered an autoimmune disease in which damage to pancreatic beta cells is from an infection, virus or environmental agent such as toxic chemicals, exposure to cow’s milk in infancy, and cytotoxins. Genetics can also be a cause of juvenile diabetes.
Juvenile diabetes can affect many organs within the body. Juvenile diabetes can affect the cardiovascular system, the renal system, the eyes, the feet, the integumentary system, the brain, the bones and [Insert a comma before this word if this is the last in a list of more than two -- or if it begins a new clause] the [in academic writing, if this is a series, place a comma before the final conjunction (and)] nervous system. Individuals with juvenile diabetes are at risk for cardiovascular complications because they have increased risk for developing atherosclerosis which damages the blood vessels in the body. Damage to small blood vessels and capillary circulation causes retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and [Insert a comma before this word if this is the last in a list of more than two -- or if it begins a new clause] diabetic foot complications. Retinopathy is non-inflammatory damage to the retina which can lead to blindness. Nephropathy is kidney disease. “High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood. All this extra work is hard on the filters” (American Diabetes Association, 2011, para. 4). Neuropathy is damage to the nerves caused by high blood sugar injuring the walls of the blood vessels that nourish the nerves. Neuropathy often happens in the legs and can lead to amputation due to [Check word usage: This phrase is most accurate in referring to something owed ($5 due) or an arrival time (due at 6:00)--try "because" or "because of"] lesions in the skin that become infected. Diabetics are also two to three times more likely to have hypertension and stroke. Juvenile diabetics are at risk for PAD, peripheral arterial disease which is blocked or narrowed blood vessels in the legs caused by fatty deposits. [Citation]
The signs and symptoms of juvenile diabetes are important to determine diagnosis and in order to [Writing suggestion--the meaning will be the same (and less wordy) by removing "in order"] provide the best care possible for the patient. The milder to moderate signs and symptoms of juvenile diabetes are recurring thirst, a strong desire for sweet flavored drinks and increased appetite with little to no weight gain. A juvenile diabetic will have a frequent desire to urinate due to high levels of glucose in the blood. Another sign of juvenile diabetes is a change in the person’s behavior, such as irritability or fatigue. Other signs include a sudden loss in weight due to [because of] the body using fats and proteins as energy instead of using glucose as energy....

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