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Judaism Theology Essay

1577 words - 7 pages

Judaism
Introduction
Judaism is an ancient religion that has an age-old history and tradition which was originally for the Jewish people. It is perhaps the oldest surviving monotheist religion in the world today. The two other popular monotheist religions – Christianity and Islam – being propagated today have so many of their beliefs and tenets borrowed or copied fro Judaism. Christianity is said to be an offshoot of Judaism since its founders and the early organizers who propagated the faith and spread its teachings during its early days were members of Judaism. The Arabian Prophet Mohammad who founded the Moslem faith was said to have copied or at least patterned some of the religious ...view middle of the document...

In the cause of time, Moses received from God the Ten Commandments written on two tablets of stones. The Jews believed that these Ten Commandments were written with God’s hand. After receiving the Ten Commandments, God began to instruct Moses regarding the set of laws and regulations that would govern the people in the Promised Land. Thus Moses wrote down what would become the culture, tradition, and life of the Jewish people who practiced the religion that is known as Judaism.
Beliefs Rooted in the Social and Religious Culture of the Jewish Traditions
Central in the Jewish religious Tradition is the belief in only one God who is all powerful. This belief is part of the culture especially after the rescue of the people from Egypt by God and after Moses brought the Ten Commandments and established the different laws that would guide and govern them. The most basic of all these laws were the Ten Commandments. Other laws that Moses established were mostly ethical guideline and laws that set them apart in order to maintain their purity in the presence of God. Thus Judaism became rooted in the strong belief of observing and upholding tradition; however, the religion itself has no set dogmas to follow. It was only during the medieval period that a religious teacher known as Rabbi Maimonides compiled a set of guides for all Jews to follow, which many still adhere today, known as the Thirteen Articles of Faith in Judaism. These thirteen articles of faith are as follows:
Since God is central in every aspect of Jewish life, worshiping Him is done in elaborate ways. Many of their religious activities were performed in the Synagogues. A special day of worship known as the Sabbath begins at sundown of every Friday to sundown of Saturday is observed once every week. There are many religious festivals which are celebrated socially of which the following are the most important: Passover, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and Hanukkah. Since the destruction of Jerusalem Temple in 72 A.D., animal sacrifice was discontinued since only in the Temple can such rituals take place.
Life cycle in Judaism is elaborate and interesting. When a child is born, he or she is brought into the Synagogue on the first Sabbath after birth where the father and mother are blessed by the Rabbi. Girls are named on this day while boys are named on the day of circumcision which takes place at home in the morning of the eighth day. In Judaism, every first child is dedicated to God. A girl at the age of 12 years is considered an adult under Judaic laws while boys are considered adult at the age of 13 years. Marriage tradition is very important in Judaism. Only married men can become rabbis. Judaism considers divorce as tragedy although it allows it under certain conditions. Death and mourning have elaborate rites and rituals. The body of the deceases is well respected. A ceremonial bath is given to such body and a decent burial conducted. Mourning is observed for 30 days, and the dead is...

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