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John F. Kennedy And The Flexible Response

566 words - 3 pages

John F. Kennedy and the Flexible Response
Stephen D. Burston
Prof. Nicholas Bergan
POL 300 International Problems
6 November 2011

John F. Kennedy and the Flexible Response

During John F. Kennedy’s presidency the United States was seriously concern with stopping the spread of communism throughout the world and there where hot spots that sparked the Kennedy administrations attention. Containment was the United States foreign policy doctrine that proclaimed that the Soviet Union needed to be contained to prevent the spread of communism throughout the world. This containment policy meant that the United States needed to fight communism abroad and promote democracy worldwide. During President Kennedy’s time in office he was faced with the Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961, the Berlin Wall Erecting in 1961, the Cuban Missile Crisis and the escalation the United ...view middle of the document...

The Cuban exile force was named Brigade 2506. The Invasion happened in the first three months of President Kennedy’s term in office. The CIA had trained the Cuban exiles in various facilities locations in South Florida while guerilla training took place in Panama at Fort Gulick and Fort Clayton. The infantry train took place on the Pacific coast of Guatemala near Retalhuleu. The actual invasion took place on 17 April 1961 there were coordinated attacks in different location of the Cuban Island. The Soldiers of the Castro Communist government engaged the invading force and the members of Brigade 2506 where force to withdraw back to the beaches and after the days of combat, no air support and low on ammunition the surviving members of Brigade 2506 retreated to the beaches and an attempted extraction was conducted but hundreds of were captured and killed.
President Kennedy had to use the same diplomatic foreign policy of Flexible Response when the Soviet Union erected the Berlin Wall later in 1961 and again with the Soviet Union and Cuba in 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Berlin Wall was constructed by the Communist German Democratic republic with the direction and support of the Soviet Union, this wall was a barrier constructed to cutoff West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and East Berlin. The Berlin Wall was built with large concrete walls, guard towers, anti-vehicle trenches, and other defenses to keep people from moving freely from East to West Germany and freedom. President Kennedy’s Flexible response was one to send Vice President Lyndon Johnson by air to Berlin and two was to dispatch an army brigade to Berlin same time send a


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