11 july 2012
As everyone knows Russia and it's neighboring countries is a region that has been through a lot and has aged a lot. It is a region that has always had interesting relationships amongst countries. There have been many rises, falls, and battled that have occurred. From the cold War to World War II. Here we will take a look into the history of how this world region became the way that it is: economically, environmentally, and politically. A closer look will be taken into the Soviet Union and the rapid industrialization that took place and how it effected the environment and economy; along with it's relationships with other countries.
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Shortly after Lenin died, Stalin took over leadership. Stalin believed rapid industrialization was the way to achieve the communist ideal of a "workers's paradise."Although urbanization was ideal, the soviet's economy was mostly agricultural and the farmers did not know how to conform with the idea of urban-industrialization. this is when Stalin created the five-year plan. The five-year plan's two key idea were collectivization and industrialization. for farmers this meant joining with other small family farms in order to make one massy modern farm with advanced farming machinery. The government controlled the farm and the farmer worked for the government. It was the same idea of all industries. there were no longer privately-owned enterprises. The government controlled how many goods and services were needed. Supply and demand no longer mattered because it was all owned by the government. Because of the increased rate of industrialization, many more jobs were provided and the soviet Union was not effected by the economic depression that sunk many countries int he 1930's. Not long after surviving World War II, the soviet Union was clashing with the United States. It was a competition between capitalism and communism. It was a matter of who created the first satellite or who had more nuclear weaponry; fortunately never used. Largely, it was over whose system was more efficient ad ideal. Eventually the soviet Union and it's Eastern Communist countries shut themselves off to the capitalist countries and became self-dependent. This ended up not being very beneficial to the soviet Union. by the time of Stalin's death in 1953, the Soviet Unions had caught up to the West beside obvious damages from World War II. Although caught up, they were only caught up to about the level of the West in the 20's. The economy was at a standstill. The Soviet Union was bend on production and was not advanced in the new material that were being used in the west. Also, as a result of the government owning all business resources were carelessly used. The guaranteed jobs also had to of meant ridiculously high labor costs. The military as well was a good chunk of the economy and was the opposite of efficient. These all contributed to the Soviet Union's decline but not as much as the bureaucrats. They were the ones who determined production and were very inefficient. Resources were slimming which meant it was harder to disperse and evenly deliver The Bureaucrats then decided to place new enterprises only in big cities where it was easiest to obtain supplies. This only led to over crowding in cities which only meant high living costs ad environmental issues.
In 1985, the last leader Mikhail Gerbachev. finally took over. As he did believe in communist ideals h also introduced free-market practices. He started reversing the economy back to open competition and to the idea of demand and supply. Gerbachev also believed that citizens should have al government information...