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Jewish History Essay

1336 words - 6 pages

Jewish history began about 4000 years ago in the part of the world that today we call the Middle East. No one person ever "began" Judaism. The beliefs that became the Jewish faith came about gradually. However, some people were important in making it happen. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, known as the patriarchs are both the physical and spiritual ancestors of Judaism. They founded the religion known as Judaism and their descendants are the Jewish people. According to the Jewish tradition, Abraham was the first to believe there was only one God and left his home to go on a journey because he believe that was what God wanted him to do. He began to teach his beliefs to others. God promised Abraham ...view middle of the document...

There is substantial room for personal opinion on these matters.Muslims around the world believe that in order to honor Allah in the way that He wishes to be honored, a true follower should live the lifestyle and not just go through the motions of an organized religion. Islam had many positive attributes which appealed to people all around the Mediterranean area. Islam first rose in the sixteen hundreds, and within two centuries it spread from its original home Arabia into Syria, Egypt, North Africa, Spain, and west and central Asia. There needs to be no religious authorities or other to confirm a person's faith and non-Muslims can convert to Islam by declaring himself or herself to be a Muslim. In Mecca, around the year 570AD, Muhammad, the founding prophet of Islam, was born. This new religion of Islam taught that there was one God, and that Muhammad was the last of the prophets and messengers. In the Qur'an, the hold book of Islam, God sent various codes (systems of laws) for living. "Faith in the Creator naturally leads to worship and obedience to Him. Muslims observe five formal acts of worship... Based on the foundation of faith, [these acts] help build and structure a Muslim's daily life". Muhammad laid the five pillars of Islam: shahada (the declaration of faith), salah (establishment of regular prayer), zakat (required expenditure), siyam (fasting), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). The five pillars are the most vital rituals of Islam and constitute the core of Islamic faith. The highest focus of Islamic piety is Allah, the supreme all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-merciful God. More than a religion, Hinduism is a way of life and a philosophy that is most concerned with spirituality and enlightenment. The idealism of the Hindu religion comes from the Vedas, which are the Hindu religions oldest scriptures and are considered to be a direct revelation of God. The Upanishads are writings that take their themes from the Vedas. The Upanishads, however, seem to be more along the lines of allegories that give a fleshy quality to the religion rather than a very dry and out of touch feel that can be found in other religious texts. Lastly, the Bhagavad-Gita is a collection of teachings that are based on the conversation between Arjuna, a soldier for one of two warring families, and Lord Krishna, who appears as Arjunas charioteer. In these conversations the two discuss everything from the purpose of life to the basis of reality. Much like Christian proverbs, the teachings of Lord Krishna give advice and general good sense and insight on many subjects (Ways, 14)The main deities of the Hindu religion are...

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