Dr. Jean Watson was born in West Virginia, and has held a distinguished career. She obtained her Baccalaureate of Nursing, Masters of Science in Nursing in 1966, and an PhD in 1973 from the University of Colorado. She was a Distinguished Professor of Nursing and Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado, a fellow in the American Academy of Nursing, and Dean of Nursing at the University Health Sciences Center and President of the National League for Nursing. Jean Watson held six honorary Doctoral Degrees, and earned doctorates in educational psychology and counseling. Her research was in the area of human caring and loss (Current, 2012).
The Theory of Human Caring was developed in 1979. The theory emphasizes the humanistic aspects of nursing in combination with scientific knowledge. Watson designed this theory to bring meaning and focus to nursing as a distinct health profession.
Watson believes that ...view middle of the document...
If the nurse attends the patient as a person in a natural and caring way in that moment with touch or a moment of presence, can provide a profound impact on a patient outcome. Watson believes these special "carative" moments transform both the patient and nurse and link them in a special bond (Fitne, 2012).
The theory consists of ten primary carative factors:
1. The formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values
2. The installation of faith-hope
3. The cultivation of sensitivity to one's self and to others
4. The development of a helping trust relationship
5. The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings
6. The systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision making
7. The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning
8. The provision for a supportive, protective and/or corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural, and spiritual environment
9. Assistance with the gratification of human needs.
10. The assistance of existential-phenomenological forces (Current, 2012).
In reference to the metaparadigm of nursing, according to Jean Watson the human being refers to "a valued person in and of him or herself to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood, and assisted.... is viewed as greater than or different from the sum of his or her parts" (Current, 2012). Health is defined as a high level of physical, mental and social functioning, along with adaptive daily functioning, and the absence of illness. Environment, according to Jean Watson, is a caring attitude, while nursing is concerned with promoting health, preventing illness, caring for the sick and restoring health. It focuses on health promotion, and believes that holistic health care is central to the practice of caring (Current, 2012).
Current Nursing. com (2012). Jean Watson's Philosophy of Nursing. Retrieved on February 5, 2013 from: http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Watson.html
Fitne.com. (2012). The nurse theorists: Jean Watson - A Theory of Human Caring. Retrieved on February 5, 2013 from: http://www.fitne.net/vlrc/user/content/nt_iop/index.html