Jean Watson’s human caring theory
May 23, 2011
Dr. Carol King, DNP, RN, MSN, APRN, FNP-BC
The caring theory was grounded on a humanitarian perspective and is found on a humanistic approach toward human caring programs and experiences. It acknowledges that life with individuals and their community to the surrounding environment are somehow connect and affects wellbeing of everything involved. The nature of the theory caring implies that it embraces reflective investigations as well subjective and interpretative inquiries. The nursing profession uses nursing theories as the framework and foundation for practice. Many people find nursing theories ...view middle of the document...
The science focuses on performing medical procedures, assisting physicians, and helping other members of the health care team. Nursing as an art views the patient as holistic and complete. Watson believed that nurse management and hospital personnel should share the responsibility of creating a compassionate, wholesome workplace, and an ethical practice environment.
Watson defined nursing science as “a human science of persons and human health-illness-healing experiences that are mediated by professional, scientific, esthetic and ethical human care transactions” (,2010). The interaction between the nurse and patient is important. This interaction allows the nurse the assist the patient in obtaining a higher level of harmony within self to produce self-cognition, self-respect, self-improvement, and self-care. Her definition of person is the locus of human existence, which is dormant until touched and activated by a rising spiritual power. According to Watsons (1979) original health was founded on the World Health Organizations definition of health as “The positive state of physical, mental, and social well being with the inclusion of three elements: One is a high level of physical, mental, and social functioning. Two is a general adaptive-maintenance level of daily functioning. Three is the absence of illness for the presence of efforts that lead to its absence” (Berg, 2003, p. 386). In 1979, Watson stated “Caring has existed in every society. Every society has had some people who have cared for others. “A caring attitude is not transmitted from generation to generation but through human genes”. “It is transmitted by the culture of the profession as a unique way of coping with its environment”
The major conceptual components of the Human Caring theory are Carative factors, transpersonal caring moment, and caring moment or occasion. Carative factors respect the human form of nursing work and the inmost life and subjective changes of the people we serve. Carative factors are often translates into clinical caritas.
The first carative factor is humanistic-altruistic system of value that translates to practice of loving kindness within context of caring consciousness. The second factor is faith-hope that translates to being authentically present, and enabling the beliefs of the patient being cared for and the professional who is providing patient care. The third factor is sensitivity to self and other, this becomes cultivations of one’s own spiritual practices, going beyond self, and opening to others with compassion and kindness. The fourth factor is helping, trusting, human care relationship that evolves to developing and maintaining a trusting, authentic, and caring relationship. The fifth factor is expressing positive and negative feeling. The translation of this factor is being supportive when positive and negative feelings with a connection of a higher spirit. The sixth factor is creative problem-solving...