Political Economy of Japan, 2013 - First Paper
There is no doubt that the LDP (Liberal Democratic Party), the bureaucrats and the Big Business had critical importance on the Japanese catching-up system, who makes possible to recovery the country´s economy after the World War II and turn Japan in one of the most important economies of the world. The government coordinated several measures to promote the recovery, in a process initiated during the USA intervention period and who’s continued after the ascension of the LDP to the power, condition who was sustained by the party until the beginning of the 1990´s.
A brief look at this long period of the LDP as the strongest party in Japan makes ...view middle of the document...
S-Japan Mutual Security Treaty, when “protest swelled in the streets, and violence spilled into Diet itself” - Rosenbluth and Thies (2010) - the LDP was able to approve the renew, helping to preserve the strong ties with the North-Americans.
The recovery was based on the promotion of export-oriented industrial production, with mobilization/rationalization of savings and exploring a favorable international scenario - Cold War, Marshall Plan, Korea War - and also the relative abundance of labor force. This process was well planned by the technical sectors in the government, the bureaucrats; this group has a strong know-how basement in the most variable sectors, since engineering to law and was responsible for architect the necessary measures to promote the recovery of the Japanese economy. This group has a lot of power during the Japanese recovery, not only because the obvious motivation of your paper as planners of the government measures and, consequently, your power to allocate resources, but also for you participation in the other two elite groups: the LDP and the Big Business.
As it was said before, the LDP had a expressive number of former bureaucrats on its composition, and, actually, they had a key hole in LDP since the party´s foundation process, as it’s possible to see in North (2003): “Following the founding of the LDP in 1955, former bureaucrats in the party supported delegating substantial authority to the bureaucracy and resisted attempts to curtail bureaucratic influence, acting as conduits for bureaucratic influence in the LDP”. In fact, the bureaucrats presence both on LDP and in the Diet was bigger than the so called Nisei’s (the second-generation politicians) during all the 1960´s.
In the other hand, the bureaucrats had also a strong presence in the business corporations: the so called Amakudari system - who allocates former bureaucrats to senior roles in both public and private organizations - gave to the government´s bureaucracy members the opportunity to occupy very influent positions, even though they are not official members of government anymore. With this system, the bureaucrats had power over both public and private sectors, since as they are occupying key roles in both segments, whether in government, in the LDP or in the corporations.
The other elite group, the Big Business men and corporations...