James Charles Stuart
James Charles Stuart was born on June 19, 1566 at Edinburg Castle in Scotland. His father, Lord Darnley, was murdered in 1567 before young James was one year old. His mother, Mary Queen of Scots, subsequently ascended to the Scottish throne. Her reign, however, was short lived and she was forced to relinquish in favor of her son on July 24, 1567. Little James was crowned King James VI of Scotland five days later at the tender age of 13 months. James' mother, Mary, was imprisoned in England by her cousin Queen Elizabeth and 19 years later, in February of 1587, was executed for her part in the conspiracy to assassinate Queen Elizabeth. King James never knew his ...view middle of the document...
Together they had nine children: Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1594-1612), Child (1595 Stillborn), Elizabeth, "The Winter Queen" (1596-1662), Margaret (1598-1600), Charles I, King of Britain (1600-1649), Robert Bruce (1602), Son (1603), Mary (1605-1607), and Sophia (1606).
King James' great aspiration to be the first King of both Scotland and England was realized in 1603 upon the death of Queen Elizabeth. When he attained the English throne he had already been king of Scotland for 36 years. He was now known as King James VI of Scotland and I of England. The king kept his kingdom out of war and supported literature both through his own writing and his patronage. There was peace during his reign, both with his subjects and foreign powers.
As a Scotsman ruling over the English, the King endured much racism and slander, especially from the once powerful English Lords and Ladies who he replaced with his Scottish countrymen. The religion was also an enemy of King James. Papists (as King James called them) attempted to assassinate him a number of times. Most notably, in 1605 Roman Catholic Guy Fawkes attempted to blow up Parliament when the king was to have been present. The conspiracy was discovered and all coconspirators were executed. King James was an evangelist of the true gospel, which automatically made him an enemy of Rome. Despite this, King James the VI of Scotland and I of England was a highly successful King.
As a lover of the theater, King James became patron to the troop of one of his most famous subjects- William Shakespeare. Shakespeare's troop became known as the King's Men. Shakespeare and the King held a special relationship as they both loved literature. The arts flourished under the reign of this intelligent king.
Another little recognized fact is that King James the VI and I is the founding monarch of the United States. Under his reign, we have the first successful colonies planted on the American mainland. The King himself ordered, wrote, and authorized the Evangelistic Grant Charter to settle the Colony of Virginia.
Not only was King James the first monarch to unite Scotland, England, and Ireland into Great Britain, but he commissioned what many consider to be the greatest piece of religious and literary work in the world- the Authorized King James Version of the Bible. King James gave his subjects the greatest gift he could, which was the Holy Bible so that they could be saved and fed by the Word of God. In January of 1604, the King called the Hampton Court Conference in order to hear of things "pretended to be amiss" in the church. At this conference, Dr. John Reynolds...