Issues In Latin America/Brazil Essay

1014 words - 5 pages

“What Are the Biggest Problems Facing Latin America Today?”

Latin America is a very large area with much diversity. To be able to give the basic information of problems facing the area, I have condensed my research to a specific area. The area I have chosen is the largest country in size in South America, it is Brazil. Given that Brazil is large, it holds many problems that are similar to the surrounding Latin America areas. Some similar problems include rural poverty, education, crime, and economy debt.
About 35 percent of all of Brazil’s population lives in poverty. It is true that Brazil has the strongest economy in Latin America, but the root of rural poverty comes ...view middle of the document...

(Rural Poverty Portal)

“Lack of access to formal education and skills training is another major cause of rural poverty. In recent years the government has invested large amounts in resources to broaden the scope of technical assistance services and facilitate access to them, especially for poor rural people.” (Rural Poverty Portal)

In Brazil, there are a number of many other social issues, and one included is a lack of education throughout the country. Although free public education is available at all grade levels, the schools are maintained by the municipalities or the states that they occupy. This means that the state a school resides in is funded and run by that state. Therefore a richer state would offer more academic resources and better education rather than the poorer farming states. Which in turn, the ones that suffer from this are the children, the future generations of the country. It is a cycle; the poorer children receive a lower level of education, not allowing them to succeed in future jobs, keeping the state they reside in poor. Some rural poor children do not attend school due to malnutrition. Malnutrition makes a person unable to develop intellectually and not allowing the children to be able to adjust to the social environment of a school. The increase of child labor also creates a problem for kids to attend school. There is a law however, stating that it is illegal to employ a child under the age of 16. In the poorer states, families prefer their children to start working as soon as possible rather than having them go to school. These families are very desperate for that extra income to help ends meet. There are children laborers as young as 10 years old. And although that attendance at these schools is free, a high examination failure rate influences non-attendance. (Brazil)
As well as poverty and lack of education being a social issue, there is another large category. That would be violence and crime in Brazil. “…Brazil is particularly susceptible to this major social issue.” The most common crimes...

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