This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Issue Analysis: Cognitive Dissonance

1476 words - 6 pages

Issue Analysis: Cognitive Dissonance

April 22, 2013
Dr. Keisha Anthony

Issue Analysis: Cognitive Dissonance
“Festinger's (1957) cognitive dissonance theory suggests that we have an inner drive to hold all our attitudes and beliefs in harmony and avoid disharmony (or dissonance)” (McLeod, 2008). Issue 5: Does Cognitive Dissonance Explain Why Behavior Can Change Attitudes debates the cognitive dissonance theory with one of the authors challenging the theory by claiming that self-perception is a better explanation as to why people behave differently once they have acted outside of their norm as most people try to find some sort of consistency between their actions and ...view middle of the document...

If any person must speak publicly for any reason that goes against their own private belief, they will definitely feel uncomfortable. However, when offered a reward, the comfort levels can change. If someone offers the speaker a large reward, the speaker will feel more comfort in changing their attitude about the ideas or beliefs being said, even when they don’t believe them. If someone offers the speaker a small reward, the speaker will feel more discomfort because they do not feel there was justification in what they are being rewarded and will have more of a negative attitude than those being greater rewarded.
The opposed position is presented by Psychologist Daryl Bem. Bem (1967) disputes Festinger and Carlsmith position by using the self-perception theory. Developed by Daryl Bem the self-perception theory is the idea that attitudes develop or changed by one viewing their own behavior and concludes certain attitudes as the cause. Psychologist Bem believes that self-perception theory can explain the results of Festinger’s study better than cognitive dissonance theory (Bem DJ, 1967).
Define consonant and dissonant cognitions
Consonant and dissonant cognitions are closely related as one is the opposite of the other. Consonant cognitions occur when an individual is engaged in behavior that matches the way they think as well as the beliefs they have in regard to that particular behavior (Plum, 2013). An example of cognitive consonance is when someone who emphasizes financial security gets into a relationship with someone who also believes in financial security. Dissonant cognitions on the other hand are the uncomfortable feelings that one gets when they experience conflicting beliefs in regard to a certain behavior. An example of this is when someone who is a follower of financial security gets involved with someone who is very irresponsible with their finances. In this case, the dissonance has to be reduced either by the follower of financial stability leaving the relationship or reducing on their emphasis for financial stability (Cherry, 2013). Cognitive dissonance therefore creates a sense of discomfort that can only be fixed when the person returns to cognitive consonance.
In a study on heterogeneous development of cognitive dissonance over time, it was realized that products that are more expensive tend to attract post-purchase dissonance. The desire to read literature and be able to purchase it is inversely related to cognitive dissonance. This is both at the purchase time and also after the item is purchased (Koller, & Salzberger, 2012). Therefore cognitive dissonance plays an important role in judgment and decision making.
Influence that Consonant and Dissonant Cognitions have on Attitudes and Behavior
Individuals often seek to maintain consistency in their beliefs and perceptions. A major influence on attitude change is the desire to maintain consistency between ones attitudes and behaviors. In order to maintain consistency...

Other Papers Like Issue Analysis: Cognitive Dissonance

Research Paper

609 words - 3 pages discussions and assignments and quizzes would be applied towards our grade. I can honestly say that after reviewing the syllabus I am fully aware of how the class will be ran and I am confident with that information that I have all the tools I need to do well in this class. Some of the theories that have molded the field of psychology and dominated the field are Behaviorism, Cognitive Dissonance, and the Attachment Theory. Behaviorism is based

Cognitive Dissonance Paper

1419 words - 6 pages Cognitive Dissonance Paper Psy: 400 July 11, 2011 Professor Adrian Fletcher, M.A. Cognitive Dissonance Paper The scenario of this paper is a young girl is living in a good Christian home. Her current boyfriend is trying to push her to have sex before she believes she is ready for this type of commitment or intensity. She has been taught to wait until marriage to have sex with her new husband. Because of her boyfriends intense pressure

Critical Thinking

841 words - 4 pages Critical Thinking Chapter 1 * Learn how to THINK * Logic—distinguish correct and incorrect arguments (analytical skills) * Gathering Evidence, Evaluating, Plan of actions * CT gives tools to identify and resolve daily life issue * Opinions—Personal feelings or belief * Provide logical support for your belief * Uninformed opinions—lead to make poor decisions; negatively impact society. Cognitive

Take Home Exam

1565 words - 7 pages dissonance | Cognitive dissonance is a psychological phenomenon that occurs “when an individual simultaneously holds two ideas, beliefs or opinions” (Aronson, 1969) which are not in harmony and therefore create a dissonance. An individual may make a decision favouring one alternative with little justification for doing so. When one has insufficient justification for their behaviour they are likely to internally rationalise reducing cognitive

Reducing Sexism: Equality Between Men And Woman

2988 words - 12 pages themselves to change. Self-persuasion strategies produce more powerful and long-lasting effects than do direct techniques of persuasion’’ (Aronson, 1999). Which is why this particular intervention will be best to begin to change sexist perspectives and actions. More specifically, the design of the intervention has several theoretical roots: cognitive dissonance theory, social norms theory, and induced compliance. Cognitive dissonance is a discomfort

Zero Limits

845 words - 4 pages uncanny because a doll, such a familiar thing, has deviated from the norm and turned horrific. Freud’s essay continues to flourish around the idea that it is most frightening when something so familiar turns into something so terrible. This feeling of mixed emotions can be referred to as “cognitive dissonance.” In the Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, cognitive dissonance is defined as, “psychological conflict resulting from incongruous beliefs and

Marketing Principles

2271 words - 10 pages , then, might be measured by the degree of disparity between expectations and perceived product performance. 3.0 - Theories of Expectations Since consumer satisfaction is such a fundamental problem to human behavior, it is only logical that one would turn to psychology to develop a theoretical framework for the present investigation. 3.1 - Assimilation (Cognitive Dissonance) According to Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance, an

Cognitive Methods

513 words - 3 pages Klauer, Karl C., Voss, Andreas, Stahl, Christopher (2011). Cognitive Methods in Social Psychology, Inferring Latent Processes After reading the article, in my opinion this is an analysis of a professional issue? This article is basically a guide line of information for researchers and students, who have issues with understanding the cognitive process, how these methods interfere or contribute with our daily lives. The main purpose of this

Children Having Children: Why Is It A Problem, And What Policy Changes Can Help Prevent It?

2548 words - 11 pages dissonance theory, validates the last of these results. It states, in effect, that to reduce the dissonance created by inconsistent attitudes and behaviors, one dismisses the unacceptability of the behavior ("Cognitive Dissonance"). In conclusion, teen pregnancy has a far-reaching effect on the society of both today and tomorrow. In order to combat this result, it is necessary to approach the problem through a three-pronged method. The first

Com310 Syllabus

1825 words - 8 pages . | | | | |Evaluate the Cognitive Dissonance Theory. | | | | |Assess the Expectancy Violations Theory. | | | |Readings |Read Ch. 1–8 in the text, Introducing

Does Rumination Hinder Forgiveness in the Context of an Interpersonal Transgression

2223 words - 9 pages suggests that rumination is detrimental to forgiveness, and that changes in rumination are the antecedent to changes in forgiveness. This paper outlines the prevailing theoretical perspectives on this relationship and presents a critical analysis of a selection of influential studies and their conclusions. An alternative theoretical perspective is introduced and some limitations of the current studies, as well as suggestions for further research

Related Essays

Psych 555 Week 1 Individual Assignment Social Psychology Paper

373 words - 2 pages address the following items: Define the concept of the self. Explain how an individual develops a self-concept. Explain the relationship between the self and emotion and how this relationship affects an individual’s self-esteem. Explain the relationship between the self and behavior and how this relationship affects an individual’s self-presentation PSYCH 555 Week 3 Learning Team Assignment Issue Analysis Cognitive Dissonance Prepare

Partner Baggage Essay

4070 words - 17 pages Partner Baggage Alayna Earl Kimber Antrobus Stacey Riggle Shelbie Wilson Candance Cochran Heather Coley University of Kentucky Abstract In the following, partner baggage and the contributing factors will be discussed. These factors are the equity theory, attachment styles, when to reveal and when to conceal, and the cognitive dissonance theory. These factors play a very big role in relationship baggage and they are all discussed

Ethical Dissonance And Ethical Divide On Enhancers

1421 words - 6 pages drugs, let the ethical issue on the use of enhancers be resolved by the individuals. However, regulation or even banning the use of the drug should be maintained as options for the policy makers when it is clear that risks or harms exceed the benefits from using the enhancers or that the enhancers promote vice or are addictive. Work Cited Aronson, Elliot. “Back to the Future: Retrospective Review of Leon Festinger’s ‘Theory of Cognitive Dissonance

Escalation Of Commitment Essay

5117 words - 21 pages . Review and theoretical analysis of the effects of group processes upon individual and group decisions involving risk. Psychological Bulletin, 1971, 76, 234-250. Wicklund, R. A., & Brehm, J. W. Perspectives on cognitive dissonance. Hillsdale, N. J.: Erlbaum, 1976. RECEIVED: April 19, 1982