Israel, Palestine, And The Middle East

5594 words - 23 pages

Israel, Palestine and the Middle EastPoli. Sci. 310Dr. Foley5/12/10The Middle East has been in the eyes of the international community for decades now. The region seems to be prone to conflict over religion, political aspirations, oil, etc. Because of the swiftness of conflict, many nations have developed a no negotiation policy when dealing with Middle Eastern. This begs the question of how does one negotiation with a nation and a territory that have a history of not listening to one another. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been the foundation of many issues regarding the Middle East. The conflict between Israel and Palestine has generated many debates and has led to the establishment ...view middle of the document...

War for the Empire started before the First World War and would not end until the fall of the Empire just before the end of World War I. When the empire fell apart, instead of governing themselves in their own country, the British Mandate of Palestine, or Palestine Mandate, was established in 1917. The Mandate divided Ottoman territory lands between France and Great Britain. These territories would include Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, and Jordan. Palestine would be the only territory that would not become a nation state when the Palestine Mandate ended in 1947. However, during the same time that the Mandate was instated, the British Parliament and Zionist movement leaders met and produced the Balfour Declaration, named after Lord Arthur Balfour, which gave support for the formation of a Jewish nation state in Palestine. The Zionist movement is a movement by the Jewish world that called for the creation of a Jewish nation state in their homeland, Palestine. The Balfour Declaration debate did not just occur in 1917 when it was established. The British Parliament had met with Zionist leaders starting in 1908. The British Parliament would negotiation with Zionist leaders about the possible establishment of a Jewish nation state in East Africa but Zionist leaders would not move on the location of the nation state. It had to be in the biblical homelands of Palestine. In 1917, Great Britain seizes an opportunity to invade the Palestinian lands to expel the rest of the Turks. The British military would not give up until the Palestinian lands were in the control of Great Britain. This allowed for the expansion of the British Empire; and in addition, it would give them the means necessary to finish negotiations with the Zionist leaders. The British Parliament and the War Cabinet would approve the Declaration in October 1917 and the Zionist leaders got what they wanted; land to build Jewish settlements in Palestine. However, the Balfour Declaration was not formally approved by the League of Nations until its establishment at the end of World War I. After the Declaration was approved, the effects were felt all over the world. The British had beaten every other Zionist movement all over the world. Jewish settlements became more frequent but the largest emigration would not come until the end of World War II.Under the terms of the Palestinian Mandate, both the Jewish settlements and the Palestinian peoples would recognize Great Britain as its supreme ruler and would follow the laws of the British. However, with the influx of Jewish settlers and the expansion of their settlements, revolts started to occur between Jews and Arabs in Palestine. This caused Great Britain to hand over control of Palestine to the United Nations in 1947. The Palestinian Mandate would not end until 1948. From the time the Balfour Declaration and the Palestinian Mandate's establishment, many conflicts between Jewish settlers and Palestinians occurred. The UN tried to remedy the situation...

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