Islamic Influence In Western Medicine Essay

2444 words - 10 pages

Just as the Arabs preserved the knowledge of the Greek and Roman civilizations, the Europeans were able to use and build off the knowledge built in the Islamic world. This wealth of knowledge was the collection of ideas pulled from every corner of the Islamic empire. Rulers collected Greek, Chinese, Indian, and Persian literary works in vast libraries for the education of the masses. Western Europe slowly learned bits and pieces of this knowledge through trade and diffusion of culture. One medium through which the west learned a great deal was the translated medical texts from scholars such as Ib n Sina (Avicenna). Europeans, from Italy to the British Isles, were able to improve their ...view middle of the document...

However, in the medieval Islamic empire many surgeons were making careful and quantitative observations to treat diseases. For instance, Physician Avicenna wrote many medical doctrines and was the founder of many surgeries. He revolutionized ways of performing surgeries such as removal of kidney stones, intubation and the use of clinical trials for medicine (1). His book Cannon of Medicine was still in use in universities in the 17th century. This book gave a base off which Europeans could learn and pioneer their own medical practices.
Disease often consumed cities in Europe and the Catholic Church often blamed the suffering on the sinfulness of the people. The Catholic Church would profit off this idea and as a result, the church taught repentance as the only way to stay healthy. Nevertheless, as more knowledge from the Islamic world traveled to Europe, ways of disease prevention and understanding began to diffuse. The largest gain made through use of Arabic texts was the introduction of a simplified version of the scientific method. An organized method to prove scientific questions aided in the treatment of disease, as well as in all areas of science. Up until the mid 15th century, scholars believed that blood traveled from the right side of the heart to the left through the septum. It was not until a physician, Ib n al-Nafis, made careful observations and noted that blood could not pass through the septum. He discovered blood had to travel from heart to lungs then return to the heart (1). This was a major breakthrough at the time. This discovery led to better understanding of fluid dynamics of blood as well as understanding that air diffused into blood (1). Such uses of observation and experimentation proved to be pertinent to the way Europeans thought and developed. Europeans built off Ib n al-Nafis work by creating tests for blood pressure, and how blood circulates throughout the body. The Europeans discovered the path that blood travels after leaving the heart flowing to every inch of the body. Through the system of arteries from large to small forming into capillaries then carried back to the heart through veins.
Islamic scholars used texts from ancient Greece to base their medical knowledge (4). They then built off this knowledge and began disproving their predecessors. Galen, a Greek scholar of the 2nd century introduced the idea of four humors that consisted of four elements blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. Each of the four humors had two temperaments or qualities; blood was said to warm and moist, yellow bile was warm and dry, black bile was cold and dry, and phlegm was said to be cold and moist(4). If a humor were out of balance, a person would appear to be sick. One of the first challenges to Galen was from Rhazes in the 9th century. He was the first physician to refute the theory of four humors in his Doubts about Galen. He carried out an experiment that would upset this system by inserting a liquid with a different...

Other Papers Like Islamic Influence In Western Medicine

Perceptions on Islamic Banking Essay

2520 words - 11 pages the fact that many conventional banks, including some major multinational Western banks, have also started using Islamic banking techniques. Malaysia is among the countries that have chosen to operate Islamic banking alongside the conventional system. This is achieved by the opening of “Islamic windows” in conventional institutions, or the establishment of separate banks or branches and subsidiaries specializing in Islamic financial products

The Evolution of Medicine Essay

2856 words - 12 pages medical evidence found within the Chinese civilization. During the Sui Dynasty they created 50 volumes of books, divided into 67 categories, and list 1,700 syndromes (Traditional Chinese Medicine History). This encyclopedia of knowledge had a strong influence on the later development of medicine in treating the signs and symptoms of various diseases and how to deal with some by using surgery. Wang Tao was another well-known scholar of Chinese

Islamic Accounting

3954 words - 16 pages principles for Islamic accounting and social responsibility. Two early contributions to the Islamic accounting literature, Gambling and Karim (1986) and Tomkins and Karim (1987), are influenced by the emerging literature on social accounting, particularly Gambling’s (1974) Societal Accounting. The authors stress that accounting and business ideas and methods developed in a Western environment influenced by Judeo-Christian ethical notions would

Unethical Practice

5078 words - 21 pages turn further solidifies Islamic ideology into the West). Should Sharia banking become the accepted form of commerce in the Western world, the Islamic clerics would have a powerful platform to espouse their ideology and significantly alter how life in the West is lived. The influence and control Sharia banking could impose on life in the US, both in the governmental and private sectors, is considerable. And once financial control is wrested from

Islamic Banking

1832 words - 8 pages to overcome social issues and oppose the impact of Western modernization and development of shari'ah (wilson, 2006). Islam has an in number history of change developments that shift from universal to mainstream yet are comparative in that they all react to tests confronted by Muslim social orders. Islamic revivalism created throughout the twentieth century because of the social, political, and investment voids that provincial lead left and the

Islamic Accounting : Their Position in International Standard Harmonization

3471 words - 14 pages were more ore less around USD 26 billion in 2004 and according to (IMF, 2010), this number rose to USD 28 billion in 2008. Islamic finance also spread to growth almost in all Arabian Region, on some Countries in Sub-continent of India, several parts of Africa, and also in South East Asia as well as in some Western countries such as the UK and Australia. While it is still something of a niche market the Islamic financial sector is one of the

"'The Crusades Through Arab Eyes" By Amin Maalouf

1200 words - 5 pages BOOK REPORT / REVIEW:The Crusades Through Arab Eyes; by Amin Maalouf.The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, presents Western readers and students of history with a view of the Crusades that is seldom considered in the West. Eurocentrism is a powerful influence, one that has largely shaped the writing of history that has been accepted (at least tacitly) by much of the world's community of scholars. In this text, however, we are

Islamic Terrorist Groups: a Comparative Study of Terror

3428 words - 14 pages times. While modern day Islamic terrorism traces its origins to historical events, its modern day advent can be traced to the birth of the Wahhabi movement. The Wahhabi movement, an extreme fundamentalist sect of Islam, was formed in the 18th century, began to establish a base of influence and a devoted following through the 1800’s. Eventually, the Wahhabi movement inspired other fundamentalist movements during the 20th century, most notably the

Islamic Finance: a Therapy for Healing the Global Financial Crisis

2272 words - 10 pages                                                              1  Corresponding author can be contacted by email: miranti_k_dewi@yahoo.com. “The credit and capital markets have grown too rapidly, with too little transparency and accountability. Prepare for an explosion that will rock the western financial system to its foundations.” (Barberton and Lane (1999) INTRODUCTION As mentioned by Barberto and Lane (1999), the explosion just became a reality. Though the crises in the US and

About Seyyed Hossein Nasr

4823 words - 20 pages went on to pursue his Ph.D. degree in the history of science and learning at Harvard. Nasr wanted to study other types of sciences of nature apart from the modern Western and also to understand why modern science had developed as it had. He planned to write his dissertation under the supervision of George Sarton, a great authority on Islamic science. However, Sarton passed away before he could begin his dissertation work and since there was not

History of Venacular Language

934 words - 4 pages Mediterranean Sea. Latin had a significant influence on the development of Western languages as it led to the creation of many individual dialects. The Roman Empire gained power during the fourth century B.C. and Latin spread throughout the Italian peninsula and the Mediterranean region. Speakers of Latin traveled in Europe and Central Asia which sparked new innovations in language (Sayre, 2013, pg.264). Latin influenced the development of

Related Essays

Acupuncture As An Alternative Medicine In The Western Culture

1751 words - 8 pages Debora Cytrynowicz Acupuncture as an Alternative Medicine ( in the Western Culture)      Alternative medicine is a very general term whose definition can be very controversial. Basically, it is many holistic techniques for preventing and treating illnesses. Acupuncture, and many other therapies, have long been a part of Asian cultures and have recently been integrated into the Western culture. Since Acupuncture is

How Does The “Western Way Of War” Influence Current Us Actions In Iraq And Afghanistan?

988 words - 4 pages of this “Western way of war”. The use of superior technology, highly disciplined forces, and constant innovation by the United States demonstrates the continuing influence the “Western way of war” has on recent operations in both Iraq and Afghanistan. In The Cambridge History of Warfare, Parker theorizes that armies of western nations have been historically receptive to and relied upon superior technology, often to counter numerical

How And Why Has The Reputation Of Ibn Sina’s Canon Changed Over Time?

1511 words - 7 pages foremost medical text of its time, despite an array of other medical texts also prevalent. We will then move on to discuss how the reputation of the Canon spread to the western world as Islamic medical works were translated in Europe. Finally we look at how the Canon began to fall out of favour as the humanism movement focused on the importance of the classical era. The principals of Islamic medicine became deeply rooted in the theory of

History & Development Essay

4310 words - 18 pages in the UAE) in 1975, as well as the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) in Saudi Arabia • First attempt in the West to establish Islamic banking was in Luxembourg in 1978 Islamic Banking and Finance Today- (1) • Islamic scholars have profound influence on the practice of Islamic banking and finance – No equivalence in other religions • Muslim governments’ approach in relation to IBF differs – Transformation of the entire internal financial