University of Phoenix Material
When studying Islam, it is important to understand the essential elements of the faith, how they are practiced, and the distinctions among the three branches: Shiite Islam, Sunni Islam, and Sufism.
Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following directives and note where there are differences among the three branches of Islam.
1. Explain the meaning of the name, Islam.
The word “Islam” is derived from the Arabic root “asalama” it means peace,
purity and submission. Islam means “surrender to the Almighty” and Muslim means “one
who is in a state of submission”. It is understood that this submission is to the will of
God, as is stated in the Quran.
2. Explain the basic concepts of Islam.
The most basic concept of Islam is that there is only one God (also known as Allah in
Arabic). It emphasis the existence of one God, his prophet Muhammad who is the Last
Prophet in a long line of ...view middle of the document...
4. Describe the goals of Islam.
The most important goal of Islam is to benefit from eternal life, both physical and spiritual. It is the sacred duty of Muslims to convert others to the Islamic faith. Islam has a dedicated conviction that it is the only true religion, the only path to salvation. Complete Submission to God to worship, do good deeds for the community shared what you are blessed with.
5. Describe the view of authority in Islam.
The Qur’an serves as the primary source of information and authority for Muslims, much as the Bible does for Christians. With this in mind, evaluate Islam’s historical influences on law, philosophy, and the arts in the Muslim world. Write a 1- to 2-paragraph response for each of the following questions. Provide examples to illustrate your thinking.
1. What is the legal ideal in Islamic law?
According to Islam, the ultimate source of authority is God alone. In the ideal of Islamic law, everyone except God, including the Prophet and ruling authorities, is subordinate to Divine Law, which emanates from Divine Revelation.
2. How does the Qur’an inform and guide Muslims in attaining this ideal?
The belief in the Koran as God's word and that law should be based on God's command gives unity to the Islamic legal tradition
3. What is the relationship between philosophy and theology within Islam? Is it acceptable for Muslims to hold separate philosophical and theological beliefs?
Islamic philosophy is the belief structure found in the expressed (written) faith and the Hadith reports- words and actions of the prophet Muhammad which collectively comprise the Sunna- the life of Muhammad. Islamic theology is the interaction of the Islamic expressed (written) faith with society. This is how humanity understands, codifies, and upholds Islamic law. Yes, it is acceptable for Muslims to hold separate philosophical and theological beliefs so far they don't contradict with the basic Islamic beliefs that are based on Quran and Sunnah (prophet Muhammad sayings and practices).
4. What artistic themes are regularly expressed in Islamic art and architecture? How are these themes explored? How has the Qur’an influenced the development of art in the Islamic world?