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Islam Vs. Christianity Essay

2377 words - 10 pages

Kyle Baldani
Religious Studies
Islam and Christianity: A Comparison
October 4, 2010
Islam is one of the largest religions in the world, with more than one and a half billion followers worldwide it is the most rapidly growing religion today. While on the surface Islam and Christianity appear to be very different, the history of the two religions and the core beliefs behind them are very similar. Most of Islam’s population comes from the Middle East, but there are still large amount of Muslims all over the world including Africa, China, and the United States (NationMaster, np). Depending on the region in which they live some customs may vary. Within the United States Islam has grown ...view middle of the document...

Over his lifetime he had many more visions and through the help of his wife and cousins the words he received were written down, and would later be used to form the Koran, or the fundamental doctrine of Islam.
As far as Islamic doctrine goes there are six key beliefs or articles of faith as they are called which are held true by all Muslims. The first belief is that there is one and only true God and they refer to him as Allah. This is a belief that is also held by all Christians, although they do not refer to God as Allah. The second article of faith of Islam is the belief in angels. This is another belief that is held by both Muslims and Christians, in that they believe that angels or more importantly archangels play a key role in the history of their respective religions. There are four archangels that are of most importance in Islam the first of which is Gabriel, who they believe was the messenger sent by God to reveal the truths of Islam to Muhammad. Kiraaman and Katibeen they believe were assigned by God to record all the actions of human beings, and finally the Angel of Death who they believe is the one who takes the soul of out the body and with him to heaven. The third article of faith is the scriptures which Muslims use; they include the Torah, the Psalms, the Gospels, and lastly the Koran. Christianity includes the first three of the four scriptures listed within the Bible, but does not go as far using the Koran. Therefor they do not recognize Muhammad as the prophet the Islam regards him as. The fourth article of faith for Islam is the nondiscriminatory belief in all the prophets from Adam being the first to Muhammad being the last. While Christianity also believes in the same prophets, Muslims believe that Jesus was an important prophet, but do not consider him the son of God as Christians do. This is one of the major differences that separate the religions, because the heart of Christianity is based upon the belief that Jesus is the son of God. The fifth major belief held true by all Muslims is the believe in a day of atonement in which at the end of the world all human beings will be judged and held accountable for their actions. The sixth and final article of faith is the divine creed of Islam1 which states the key beliefs of their religion, being that there is one true God, Allah, and that Muhammad is his prophet.
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As I stated before one of the largest differences between Islam and Christianity comes from the role that Jesus plays in either religion. Both Christians and Muslims believe that Jesus was born of Mary through virginal conception, but while Christians hold the belief that this makes him the Son of God, Muslims choose to believe the event was by God’s will but they still only regard him as a prophet. Another discrepancy comes from the way in which Jesus was able to act out his miracles throughout the Bible. Christians believe in the Trinity, or the concept of God...

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