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Is Euthanasia Immoral Essay

3365 words - 14 pages

Is Euthanasia Immoral
Active euthanasia is the willful taking of a person’s life to relieve them of pain and suffering (lethal injection) and passive euthanasia (discontinuing treatment) is to cease medical treatment to prevent the prolonging of pain and suffering resulting in death. The objective and purpose of this paper is to dispute and argue against the use of active euthanasia as a cautious selection of choice to end a persons’ life based on the purposes of relieving pain and suffering for that person using Kantian theory to best support this claim. This paper will consider the ethical complexities of euthanasia. It will take into consideration and briefly explain the ethical theories ...view middle of the document...

This may sound cruel but let them commit suicide without the help of a physician to assist them.
A physician should not indulge in active euthanasia as a method of relieving pain and suffering of a patient simply because it is against common law of manslaughter, criminal homicide, promoting suicide, coercing, aiding, or forcing someone to commit suicide. It is a felony charge and they can lose their license or certification and be imprisoned. Active euthanasia is contradictory to the physician’s role.
A physicians role is to treat, heal, and prolong life of its patients. “Euthanasia is fundamentally incompatible with the physician’s role as healer, would be difficult or impossible to control, and would pose serious societal risks. Instead of engaging in euthanasia, physicians must aggressively respond to the needs of patients at the end of life. Patients should not be abandoned once it is determined that cure is impossible. Patients near the end of life must continue to receive emotional support, comfort care, adequate pain control, respect for patient autonomy, and good communication. ” (Opinion 2.21-Euthanasia, 1996).
The use of active euthanasia condones the act of committing suicide which is to voluntarily take your own life or to kill yourself. This minimizes personal independence and the ability for a patient to weigh out their options and live up to their dreams not only from a personal standpoint but morally as well. The majority of the time the people who have to make these decisions are not mentally stable enough. Even though everyone has their own thoughts and opinions they should also consider the repercussions and the affect that committing suicide has on family and society.
“Utilitarianism is the ethical theory that evaluates the morality of an act or a rule in terms of its consequences, and whereby an act is seen as moral if it produces the greatest net good for the greatest number. When given a choice between two acts, utilitarianism states that the act that should be chosen is the one that creates the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people and utility is the satisfaction one gets from something.” (Mosser, 2014).
A utilitarian approach to euthanasia would examine the magnitude of pain that one is suffering along with the time span and prolongation of the pain and suffering. In regards to euthanasia you have to factor out the number of people who would be affected by a said person’s death and whether keeping them alive would result in gratification or dissatisfaction. Furthermore you must acknowledge any other pain that may trouble or afflict that person such as their loss of dignity. One must examine the unforeseeable possibility of a cure or treatment that could put an end to their pain and suffering.
In many cases the intensity of the pain that a person suffered is what makes them take into account the option of euthanasia. The utilitarian approach to decide whether euthanasia should be...

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