Cosmetic surgery is a subset of plastic surgery. Also known as reconstructive surgery, plastic surgery was first performed in India around 800 BC by Sushruta, along with Charak. It was originally intended and reserved to assist wounded and deformed soldiers in war. Plastic surgery is carried out to fix a body part or facial feature that is abnormal and reconstruct it to make it appear normal.
However, in today’s society where priority is often placed on physical beauty and a youthful appearance, cosmetic surgery which is a subset of plastic surgery as mentioned above is introduced. The difference between plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery is that cosmetic surgery is ...view middle of the document...
It is usually people above the age of 35 who go for such surgery to make themselves look younger than their age. However, of late, the average age of a cosmetic surgery candidate has been coming down quite quickly.
2.2: For Social Reasons:
Many people undergo cosmetic surgery to improve their self-esteem. They feel it would help them live a better life. They believe that improving their looks can help to give their career a boost or to help them to be more appealing to their boyfriends, spouses or life partners.
3) The Risks of Cosmetic Surgery
Cosmetic surgery can be very risky and dangerous. The risk differs depending on the individual and the selected procedure. There are physical risks, psychological risks and financial risks involved.
3.1: Physical Risks
The most commonly discussed risks of cosmetic surgery are the physical ones. Side effects of cosmetic surgery may include hematoma, scarring, blood loss, drop in blood pressure, infection, numbness and nerve damage, unexpected result, and even death.
Blood clotting and its accumulation under the skin can result in a condition called hematoma which will be firm in appearance and feel, and the color of overlaying skin may change to blue or purple. The area experiences a characteristic pain which diminishes gradually once our body's' own anti clotting mechanism starts addressing the specific area and reabsorbs the accumulated blood.
However, if the condition remains status quo and hematoma continues to grow, it will compress the surrounding tissues and disrupts the flow of oxygen through blood from circulating around that area. This may lead to numbness, swelling, inflammation and skin death. Moreover, presence of large hematoma can increase the risks of other problems like infection, wound separation, and necrosis .
One of the most common risks one should be aware of is scarring which is closely related to suture reactions and wound healing capability. During the process of healing, a thickening of skin edge and formation of granular tissue can occur. Most surgeons like to hide the scarring in places where they are not noticeable. For example, under the crease of the breast in breast augmentation plastic surgery and in the hairline in facial plastic surgery but most surgeries may still result in permanent scarring.
3.1.3: Blood Loss
Another possible complication for undergoing some specific cosmetic surgery is excessive blood loss. For example, excessive bleeding during eye lifting surgery may lead to blindness. So, any abnormal bleeding should not be ignored.
3.1.4: Drop in Blood Pressure
Decrease in blood pressure is normal during surgery to some people. However, a sudden drop in the level of blood could lead to irregular heartbeat and possibly a heart attack.
Infection at the site of surgery is another common risk which may require more surgery and may leave even bigger scars....