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Investigacion Actividades Extracurriculares Essay

2498 words - 10 pages

CAPITULO II METODO

2.1 Tipo de Investigación

Nuestra investigación es de nivel básico, tipo no experimental y de diseño descriptivo. Se dice de nivel básico porque se lleva a cabo sin fines prácticos y solo con el fin de incrementar el conocimiento de la naturaleza o realidad por si mismo, llamado también investigación fundamental o investigación pura.

También se dice que nuestra investigación es no experimental porque el investigador no tiene control de las variables independientes puesto que ya ocurrieron los hechos y/o porque son intrínsecamente manipulables, además en este tipo de investigación se observan los fenómenos tal y como se presentan en su contexto natural para luego ...view middle of the document...

* Estudiantes de la “FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ADMINISTRATIVAS” para el caso de la UNMSM.
* Estudiantes de las carreras Administración, Administración de Turismo, Administración de Negocios Internacionales para el caso de la UNMSM.
* Estudiantes de la “FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS EMPRESARIALES” y “FACULTAD DE ADMINISTRACIÓN HOTELERA, TURISMO y GASTRONOMÍA” para el caso de la USIL.
* Estudiantes de las carreras Administración, International Business y Administración de Turismo para el caso de la USIL.
* Estudiantes que participen en actividades extracurriculares en el periodo 2012-I.

Criterios de Exclusión:

* Varones y Mujeres que no vivan en Lima Metropolitana.
* Universitarios de otras universidades públicas o privadas.
* Universitarios de otras facultades.
* Universitarios de otras carreras.
* Universitarios que sean menor al 3er ciclo de estudios.
Los colaboradores se distribuirán tomando en cuenta a las variables Sexo, Universidad y Carrera.

Tabla 1. Distribución de la muestra según la variable Sexo:

Sexo | n | % |
Masculino | 50 | 50 |
Femenino | 50 | 50 |
Total | 100 | 100 |

La variable sexo tomaremos equitativamente debido a la paridad de estudiantes de ambos sexos para las carreras de análisis establecidas.
Tabla 2. Distribución de la muestra según la variable Universidad:

Universidad | N | % |
USIL | 50 | 50 |
UNMSM | 50 | 50 |
Total | 100 | 100 |

Para la variable universidad, tomaremos por igualdad la muestra debido a que pretendemos profundizar el conocimiento en ambos casos.
Tabla 3. Distribución de la muestra según la variable Carrera:

Carrera | n | % |
Administración (USIL) | 20 | 20 |
International Business (USIL) | 10 | 10 |
Administración de Turismo (USIL) | 20 | 20 |
Administración de Negocios Internacionales (UNMSM) | 10 | 10 |
Administración (UNMSM) | 20 | 20 |
Administración de Turismo (UNMSM) | 20 | 20 |
Total | 100 | 100 |

La distribución para el caso de la carrera, tomamos con menor porcentaje a la carrera de Negocios Internacionales o International Business debido a la menor cantidad de universitarios estudiando dicha carrera.

2.3 Tipo de Muestreo

El muestreo cumple una función básica en la investigación la cual es determinar que parte de una población debe examinarse, con el fin de realizar inferencias sobre dicha población. Asimismo la muestra debe lograr una representación adecuada de la población, en la que se reproduzca de la mejor manera los rasgos esenciales de dicha población que son resaltantes o importantes para la investigación.

Para la presente investigación el tipo de muestreo que se utilizara será el muestreo No probabilístico. En este tipo de muestreo las unidades muéstrales se seleccionan por métodos no aleatorios de una muestra cuyas características sean similares a las de la población objetivo. Asimismo es aquel utilizado en forma empírica, es decir, no se efectúa bajo normas probabilísticas de...

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