Introduction To Personality Essay

1206 words - 5 pages

Introduction to Personality
Sarah Lopez
PSY 405
May 21, 2012
Karen Lundstrom

Introduction to Personality
Personality seems like such a straight forward concept. Any one asked could most likely tell you what they perceive personality to be. Simply stated, personality is what makes a person individual. It is the behaviors and attitudes put forth that one can define a person by in regards to what kind of person they are. What is it exactly that defines personality and how is that definition determined? Many different viewpoints and theories exist but all concede that personality is unique to each individual and no two are ever the same.
Defining personality
The term ...view middle of the document...

Psychoanalytical theory
The psychoanalytical theory gets in to study the detail of the human mind. It was developed by Sigmund Freud and was truly the introduction into the era of psychology. Freud believed the defining aspect for personality existed deep within the human psyche. He promoted such ideas as the conscious, preconscious and unconscious mind driving personality and behavior such as repressed desires, memories or anxieties. He also theorized that the ID, ego and superego of an individual motivated one to behave in a certain manner. The ID operates within the pleasure principle and demands instant gratification without regard to the external environment. The ego participates by trying to use a more realistic approach in serving the desires of the ID, taking into account the surrounding environment. The superego which is the conscious considers morals and societal expectations and rules and applies them to the ego.
Humanistic theory
This approach to defining personality states that people are basically good. People can and will comprehend responsibility and accept it as part of their necessary behavior. This theory is more focused on the present in regard to behavior than that of the past or attempting to predict the future. The humanistic theory also suggests that being human allows one to possess worth in themselves and that self-improvement and knowledge can make for a happy person in life. Some characteristics of this self-actualizing theory are that one will have awareness, they will act with reality, they will have acceptance and spontaneity in their behavior, and they will display an non-hostile attitude and sense of humor toward others.
Behaviorist theory
The behaviorist theory states that one’s personality is a result of the interaction and connection between the environment and the individual. This theory studies behaviors that are measureable and observable and it tends to discount theories that give weight to internal feelings and thoughts. The aspect of thought and response or response and consequence is what this theory is based on. Much like when a child acts out in bad behavior because they have received attention for it in the past, one’s actions or behavior will be determined by the expected result or how that person’s environment has responded before.
Observation learning theory
This learning theory produces a type of learning that comes as a result of direct observing and possibly retaining and duplicating the behavior. The theory states that observational learning can take place at any stage in life but it is focused primarily on childhood. The best and most productive models for this theory are people that are one to two years older than the individual subject learning through observed behavior.
Factors for...

Other Papers Like Introduction to Personality

Dispositional, Biological And Evolutionary Theory Essay

1134 words - 5 pages Dispositional, Biological and Evolutionary Theory Augustine Conteh Bridget Seeley PSY 405 Date: 10/20/2014 Introduction There are many theories which are used to explain personality. Dispositional theories explain the relationship between personality and attributes. The most well known dispositional theories are factor, tract and Allport’s Psychology of individual theory (Paul, 2009). This chapter will discuss the

Personality Psychology Essay

869 words - 4 pages Introduction to Personality When describing personality, one must take many factors into consideration. The definition itself is complex as there are many different opinions depending on the many theories of personality development. The New Big Five article by McAdams and Pals describe the unique facets of personality psychology. The factors that influence individual’s persona are many and are briefly mentioned in this essay. Personality

Psy Paper

937 words - 4 pages reliable and valid. Introduction There are so many different combination of personality and In our every day to day lives we are consistently analyze the personality of those in our every day life. I feel that personality is defined as the specific character that any individual processes and according to Dictionary .com (2012); Personality is the

Personality Overview

1575 words - 7 pages student website. |Week One: Introduction to Personality | | |Details |Due |Points | |Objectives |Define personality

Brand Personality

4040 words - 17 pages . Introduction The concept brand personality, which refers to the idea of associating human personality to a brand, is said that it could boost consumer preference and usage and has a positive influence on consumer loyalty and levels of trust (Sirgy, 1982; Fournier, 1994). The importance of brand personality was recognized by both practitioners and researchers long before from both company’s and consumer’s perspective (Sirgy, 1982; Keller, 1993; Aaker

Brand Personality

616 words - 3 pages 1. Introduction 1.1 Background of the study Brand personality is one of the core dimensions of brand equity (Aaker, 1996). It is concerned with how people attach a “pseudo” human personality to the brand itself, rather than to what the brand does (Keller, 1998). Brand personality has received considerable attention from marketing scholars, because the principal advantage of creating a brand personality is that it increases consumer

Borderline Personality Disorder

1935 words - 8 pages TITLE: Discuss the problems related to assessing and classifying/diagnosing 16 to 20 year olds with patterns of impulsivity, instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image and affect TABLE OF CONTENT TITLES PAGE Introduction to personality disorders in general

Congruence of Individual Personality and Brand Personality Influence the Buying Behaviour Favorably

2456 words - 10 pages An initiative to find whether the congruence of individual personality and brand personality influence the buying behaviour favorably Abstract This study is conducted on students of xxxxx University to test the hypothesis (does the congruence of individual personality and brand personality influence the buying behaviour favourably?). The results would describe if an individual’s personality similar to that of the brand will result in

Women in Politics

1329 words - 6 pages Psychoanalytic theory Introduction Psychology is a social science academic discipline that involves many ideas about personality development. The most and widely known theory in Psychology is a theory of Sigmund theory called the theory of Psychoanalysis. Other theories in Psychology like behavioral, cognitive and so on developed either agreeing or disagreeing with Freud. Weiten ,(2007) defined psychoanalysis as a theory of personality

Individual Psychology

1761 words - 8 pages Robert Bitter. "From China to South Korea: Two Perspectives on Individual Psychology in Asia." The Journal of Individual Psychology 68 (2012): 233-48. Web Sperry, Len, and Jon Carlson. "The Global Significance of Individual Psychology: An Introduction and Overview." The Journal of Individual Psychology 68.3 (2012): 205-09. Web. Schultz, Duane P. Theories of Personality. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole Pub., 1976. Print. .

Communication

642 words - 3 pages Communication and Collaboration GEN 200: Foundations for Education and General Success Introduction If someone told you to recite the alphabet, could you do it? How did you learn the alphabet? The alphabet is the foundation of the English language. Most of us were taught the alphabet in kindergarten through singing in order for us to retain it. Throughout our lives, as we develop as individuals with different personalities

Related Essays

Introduction To Personality Essay

1264 words - 6 pages Introduction to Personality Heather de Leur PSY/405 May 14, 2012 Karen Wilson Introduction to Personality Each person in life is their own person. Everything about a person is what makes them unique. Every person is different therefore everyone has their own personality which in the end would define them as individuals in every aspect as well as their stage of development in their lives. By each individual having their own personality

Introduction To Personality Essay

1162 words - 5 pages Introduction to Personality Wilma Leibbrandt PSY 405 Dr. Phillip Morris May 7, 2012 Personality Theories For centuries, theorists are fascinated in how humans behave, and if factors and influences are involved to help shape a person’s personality. More than 100 years ago, Sigmund Freud became intrigued by the human’s behavior in which he combined philosophical speculations with primitive methods to understand the hidden factors to a

Personality Essay

1257 words - 6 pages Introduction into Personality Introduction into Personality This paper is an attempt to examine personality theory. This endeavor begins with a look into the definition of personality. Following the look into the definition of personality one will find intriguing information regarding theoretical approaches in studying personality. Finally, one will find an analysis of factors that may influence an individual’s personality

Personality Overview Essay

997 words - 4 pages Introduction to Personality Introduction to Personality As organisms are born there are certain characteristics that make them unique and different from any other organism. These characteristics are what make their personalities. The personality is an inner part of the organism it comes from within the organism and is not so much developed from the environment. As the organism develops and grows into themselves these