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Introduction Of Petrobras Essay

5545 words - 23 pages

BIOFUELS
50 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
ABOUT THIS NEW MARKET

Ministério das Minas e Energia

BIOFUELS
50 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
ABOUT THIS NEW MARKET

Presentation
T he history of biofuels in Brazil began with pioneering
tests carried out between 1905 and 1925 with ethanol. In 1931, the Brazilian Government passed a decree which obliged the mixing of 5% of alcohol in gasoline imported in to the country; seven years later, Decree-Law No. 737 extended the obligation of mixing 5% of alcohol also to gasoline produced within Brazil. In the 60s, the discovery of vast oil reserves in the Middle East lessened the world’s interest in biofuels. However, with the first world oil crisis in ...view middle of the document...

Bus fleets, trains and trucks powered by biodiesel are already in use – and the trend, certainly, is for this market to grow considerably in the next few years. Exactly for this reason and to explain the importance of biofuels, their markets and numerous advantages, that Petrobras took the decision to produce specific information material on the subject. The booklet “Biofuels: 50 questions and answers about this new market” seeks to describe the main issues of this new market, but without intending to be fully comprehensive. It is a dynamic publication – just like the biofuel market itself, and it will require periodic updates, whether in the printed form or the electronic version, available on the Petrobras portal on the internet (www.petrobras.com.br). With the booklet, Petrobras hopes to increase the number of communication channels and make them ever more useful for their various publics, from teachers to authorities, from media professionals to sector technicians.

Summary

ABOUT BIOFUELS

.

Chapter one

1. What are biofuels? ........................................................................................................................ 7 2. What is renewable energy? ........................................................................................................ 7 3. Are biofuels and biomass the same thing? .............................................................................. 8 4. What types of biofuels for transport purposes are produced in Brazil? .......................... 9 5. What is the current role of biofuels in the world’s energy matrix? .................................. 9 6. What is the current participation of renewable energy sources in the Brazilian

and world energy matrix? ........................................................................................................ 10
7. Do biofuels represent almost half of the Brazilian energy matrix? ................................ 11 8. What is the role of Petrobras in the production and distribution of biofuels? ............ 12 9. What is the importance of CENPES in the biofuel production process? ........................ 13 10. What are the benefits and advantages of biofuels (for the consumer, for the

environment, for Brazil’s economy and for vehicles)? ...................................................... 14
11. How many vehicles are powered by biofuels in Brazil? .................................................... 16

ABOUT BIODIESEL

.

Chapter two

12. What is biodiesel? ...................................................................................................................... 18 13. Does biodiesel have the same characteristics as diesel made from oil? ........................ 18 14. What are the ingredients used in the production of biodiesel? ...................................... 18 15. What are the raw materials used in the production of biodiesel? .................................. 19 16. What are the...

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