Interpretation of President Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points
I. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.
The purpose of this point is to forbid arrangements, segments of settlements or indulgences that are formed in secret with making it available to the members of the public.
The expression "openly arrived at” was used by the president to disclose to the Senate that the expression was not intended to reject private strategic arrangements including fragile matters, but to address that anything that occurs through any classified arrangements or ...view middle of the document...
III. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance.
The purpose of this point is to set free trade between the countries who accept the peace.
The proposition applies just to those countries that acknowledge the commitments of participation in the Union of Nations. It implies that the liquidation of all outstanding profitable agreement, with the exchange of each country in the Group of nations. In this way a country could legitimately keep up a levy or an exceptional railroad rate or a port limitation against the entire world. It could keep up any sort of limitation that is chosen against a country not in the Union. It expresses that there should be a reasonable and equal understanding as to the conveyance of raw materials among nations.
IV. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety.
This point illustrates that there will be a global decrease in the distribution of weapons and armies by all countries.
The expression "Domestic safety" does not only identify the private regulation but also the protection of countries against attack. The increase of arms over this level would be an expectation's violation of the plan.
V. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined.
This point entails that foreign entitlements over land and regions will be rational
This point clearly state to ensure that the interest of the population must not be mobilized, under firm regulation there shall be considerable work conditions, benefits, and expenses, a clean administration must be kept, upgrades in the method for toll road be made, that local association and custom be regarded, that the protecting influence have satisfactory assets in cash and to have the representatives act effectively.
VI. The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent...