This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

International Relations Essay

5222 words - 21 pages

Afghanistan has a history of a high degree of decentralization, and resistance to foreign invasion and occupation. Some have termed it the “graveyard of empires.”
Afghanistan is a landlocked country that is located approximately in the center of Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east. Since the late 1970s Afghanistan has suffered brutal civil war in addition to foreign interventions in the form of the 1979 Soviet invasion and the 2001 U.S. invasion. The strategic interests of the great powers of the day in Afghanistan pitched against the potential threat of terrorism, religious extremism, smuggling and drug trafficking substantiates the assertion that Afghan ...view middle of the document...

The mujahideen were organized into different political parties, and armed and supported by different countries, including Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, as well as the United States, and they gained significantly in power and money during the course of the Afghan-Soviet war.
The legendary fierceness of the mujahideen fighters, their stringent, extreme version of Islam and their cause—expelling the Soviet foreigners—drew interest and support from Arab Muslims seeking an opportunity to experience, and experiment with, waging jihad.
Among those drawn to Afghanistan were a wealthy, ambitious, and pious young Saudi named Osama bin Laden and the head of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad organization, Ayman Al Zawahiri.
* Mujahideen
* Jihad
* Ayman Al Zawahiri
* Osama bin Laden

Many would argue that the story of how 9/11 came about goes back, at least, to 1979 when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, with which it shares a border.
The idea that the 9/11 attacks have their roots in the Soviet-Afghan war comes from bin Laden's role in it. During much of the war he, and Ayman Al Zawahiri, the Egyptian head of Islamic Jihad, an Egyptian group, lived in neighboring Pakistan. There, they cultivated Arab recruits to fight with the Afghan mujahideen. This, loosely, was the beginning of the network of roving jihadists that would become Al Qaeda later.It was also in this period that bin Laden's ideology, goals and the role of jihad within them developed.
Throughout 2001, but prior to the September 11 attacks, Bush Administration policy differed little from Clinton Administration policy: applying economic and political pressure on the Taliban while retaining some dialogue with it, and refusing to militarily assist the Northern Alliance. The September 11 Commission report said that, in the months prior to the September 11 attacks, Administration officials leaned toward providing such aid, as well as aiding anti-Taliban Pashtun. Other covert options were reportedly under consideration as well.
In accordance with U.N. Security Council Resolution, in February 2001 the State Department ordered the Taliban representative office in New York closed, although Taliban representative Abdul Hakim Mujahid continued to operate informally. In one significant departure from Clinton Administration policy, the Bush Administration stepped up engagement with Pakistan to try to reduce its support for the Taliban. At that time, there were widespread but unconfirmed allegations that Pakistani advisers were helping the Taliban in their fight against the Northern Alliance.
Since the start of the invasion, American forces in Afghanistan have faced continued opposition. Taliban followers continue to attack American forces, including soldiers from Ohio, and their allies. Nevertheless, thanks to the United States and their allies, Afghanistan has created a more democratic government. The invasion forces between October 2001 and August 2005 suffered 289 killed soldiers,...

Other Papers Like International Relations

Main Challenges in International Relations Essay

1225 words - 5 pages Lesson 1 International relations is a delicate blend of policy and delegation. Many challenges face modern policymakers in the face of post-Cold War politics. Before any of these challenges can be discussed, we must first look at the pre-Cold War interactions between countries in order to understand how and why they’ve shaped the current situations around the world. When comparing the two side by side, we begin to see the transition that

Russian International Gas and Oil Relations

632 words - 3 pages Willy Hernandez Professor Kerem International Business 17 October 2012 Russian International Relations What are the most important differences between international oil and gas markets? How is Russia situated in these markets? International oil and gas markets are vitally important to any nation with these resources. They alone can create many opportunities for jobs, investments, trade, and political reforms. When one of these resources

International Relations

1281 words - 6 pages come amid anti-government unrest in many other countries in the region. Many Libyan diplomats, including the country's ambassador to the US, have turned their backs on Col Gaddafi and are urging the international community to take action. They have urged the UN to impose a no-fly zone over the country in protest. Interior Minister Abdel Fattah Younes al-Abidi has resigned and joined people to fight against Gaddafi and bring peace to the country

International Relations

1265 words - 6 pages Hey yaaasb hksdf yhisdfh sdfh shk sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdfyaaasb hksdf yhisdfh sdfh shk sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdf sdfyaaasb hksdf yhisdfh sdfh shk sdf

International Relations

2742 words - 11 pages of 11th September 2001 Attack on America (more popularly known as 9/11), numerous countries around the world employed the use of legislation as one of the counter measures designed to crack down on international terrorism. Anti-terrorism laws are implemented in places as diverse as the United States, United Kingdom, India, Egypt and South Africa. South East Asia is no exception. Particularly in five countries -Indonesia, the Philippines

International Relations - 589 words

589 words - 3 pages The article is about Chinese President Hu Jintao’s visit to the United States to meet with president Obama. The objective of this meeting is to fix some of the issues President Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao that could not be resolved since when president Obama visited the Chinese leader in November 2009. Some of those issues consist on trade and, currency to North Korea and the South China Sea. President Hu Jintao’s other objective is to

International Relations - 569 words

569 words - 3 pages ORURUO ENTERPRISES Table of contents; General company description Products and services

Discuss the Concept of Power in International Relations from a Realist Perspective

1309 words - 6 pages Realism is considered to be the dominant theory of International Relations because it explains the power struggle among states in the international system very well. From the realist point of view, the rule in this system is cruel, or we should say there is no rule in the operation of international relations because the only thing can be relied on is nations’ own power. Power is an important issue in realism. As Thucydides put it thousands years

Importance of International Law in Contemporary International Relations

852 words - 4 pages From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the river in the southwestern United States. For other uses, see Canadian River (disambiguation). Coordinates: 35°27′12″N 95°01′58″W Canadian | River | Canadian River south of Logan, New Mexico. | Country |  United States | States | Oklahoma, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas | | | Source | Rocky Mountains |  - location | Las Animas County

There Is No Such a Thing as Global Public Relations-Only Local Public Relations

3916 words - 16 pages corporate social responsibility, its centrally implemented policies, as well as the linchpin to build awareness and trust at the local level. What are international and local public relations? International public relations is defined as the designed and structured effort of a corporation, institution or government to create jointly positive relations with the public of other nations. Whereas, local public relations is planned and arranged

Human Capital Planning

1693 words - 7 pages Grunig, J. E. (1992). Communication, public relations, and effective organizations: An overview of the book. In J. E. Grunig (Ed.), Excellence in public relations and communication management (pp. 1-30). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Grunig, J. E., & Grunig, L. A. (1996, May). Implications of symmetry for a theory of ethics and social responsibility in public relations. Paper presented at the meeting of the International

Related Essays

International Relations Essay 808 Words

808 words - 4 pages International relations, study of the relations among states and other political and economic units in the international system. Particular areas of study within the field of international relations include diplomacy and diplomatic history, international law, international organizations, international finance and economics, and communications, among others. In addition, increased attention has been paid in recent years to developing a more

Art In International Relations Essay

1252 words - 6 pages OUTLINE Introduction. Thesis statement : Art is influencing the international relations and is essential for well being of society. I – Art as a diplomatic resource. A- Art and cultural diplomacy are important stakes for the States. B- The artistic actions intended by the intergovernmental organizations are issues that permit them to get a voice and to be heard all over the world. C- Museums are now international actors

International Relations Paper

2701 words - 11 pages Kenneth Meniatis Ajan Wannapa International Relations Globalization Looking back on high school, I can recall walking through the hallways, seeing people and groups of all kinds. The hallways were lined with various groups of different people with diverse ideas and opinions. I, myself, was part of one of these groups. However, my clique inter-mingled with others as we exchanged our ideas, opinions, and experiences. There were some various

Marxist Aproach Of International Relations Essay

2580 words - 11 pages Explain and explore a Marxist approach to International Relations. Marxism has developed as a thought in international relations concept. It mainly concentrates on the deliverance of the working class and the world impartiality. The Marxism were also related to examine the active of change in humanities, in specific it gave very definite justification about social revolution. His writings have played a significant role to the study of