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International Human Resources Management Essay

1867 words - 8 pages

RENCANA


Perbezaan 1Malaysia, Malaysian Malaysia
2010/08/29 - 06:52:24 AM Cetak Emel Kawan
Gagasan diperkenal Najib dokong ideologi menyeluruh imbangi perpaduan rakyat pelbagai kaum

KONSEP ‘Malaysian Malaysia’ adalah agenda politik yang diperjuangkan parti pembangkang DAP. Ia pada mulanya adalah rancangan untuk menentang dasar etnik pada Artikel 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan oleh People’s Action Party (PAP), sebuah parti politik Singapura yang dipimpin Lee Kuan Yew.

Konsep ini bukan saja tidak mendapat tempat di hati rakyat Malaysia yang berbilang kaum, malah didapati amat subversif sehingga boleh memecahbelahkan rakyat. Konsep inilah yang membawa kepada penyingkiran Singapura ...view middle of the document...

Ini antaranya adalah kerana ia bukan saja tolak ansur etnik yang adil, malah sesuai untuk sebuah negara majmuk seperti Malaysia.

Walaupun dengan simbol Melayu seperti bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa kebangsaan, kedudukan istimewa Bumiputera sebagai penghuni asal, lambang kuasa Melayu dalam bentuk pemerintahan beraja dan Islam selaku agama Persekutuan, kepentingan asas kelompok lain tidak sekali-kali terjejas.

Malah ia, sama ada dalam bentuk kelayakan ekonomi mahupun kebebasan budaya, dilindungi dengan cukup sasa dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan.

Legitimasi watan ini – yang seolah-olah mengenakan kedominanan Melayu – sebenarnya terus membenarkan, misalnya bahasa ibunda kelompok lain dikembangkan. Ini termaktub pada Artikel 152. Dengan ini, pendidikan vernakular Cina misalnya, bukan saja berkembang dengan pesat di negara ini, malah menjadi sistem paling lengkap di Asia Tenggara.

Walaupun Islam menentukan kelakuan moral nasional, bukan saja kebebasan beragama diperuntukkan pada Artikel 3, keunggulan Islam tidak sekali-kali diguna untuk menjadikan agama lain tidak penting di Malaysia.

Konsep ‘Malaysian Malaysia’ menganggap legitimasi watan pada Artikel 153 sebagai diskriminasi etnik dan menggunakan Artikel 8 untuk menganjurkan keadilan dalam kalangan semua warga Malaysia.

Ini dilakukan untuk memperoleh kesamarataan bagi semua kaum tanpa mengambil kira sejarah tanah air, khususnya sejarah sosial dan budaya orang Melayu.

Oleh itu, ia amat bertentangan dengan gagasan 1Malaysia, selain langsung tidak mengendahkan semangat muhibah serta tolak ansur yang penuh dengan semangat setia kawan pada kontrak sosial 1957.

Gagasan 1Malaysia pula ingin mengimbangi Artikel 153 dengan Artikel 8 dengan tidak sekali-kali membelakangkan kontrak sosial yang dipersetujui bersama itu. Ini antaranya akan dicapai melalui prinsip keadilan sosial antara kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu dengan kepentingan asas kaum lain.

Ini akan dilakukan berdasarkan peruntukan dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan.
Inilah perbezaan besar antara 1Malaysia dengan ‘Malaysian Malaysia’ yang ingin menghapuskan Artikel 153 dan hanya menggunakan Artikel 8 sebagai dasar etnik di negara ini.

Dengan kata lain, konsep ‘Malaysian Malaysia’ mengambil pendekatan sosialis tanpa mengambil kira sentimen semua pihak, khususnya kelompok dominan di negara ini. Gagasan 1Malaysia pula menggunakan pendekatan demokratik dengan berpandukan persetujuan yang dicapai bersama pada 1957.

Selain itu, restu dan kemuliaan hati semua pihak, sama ada majoriti mahupun minoriti ikut diperoleh dari semasa ke semasa.

Dengan pendekatan demokratik ini, satu lagi kontrak sosial dicapai pada 1971, iaitu Dasar Ekonomi Baru (DEB). Tindakan afirmatif ini dan juga yang sebelumnya sebetulnya tidak boleh dipersoal, apatah lagi dipertikai.

Ia sudah dipersetujui bersama dan dirancangkan untuk membawa kesejahteraan kepada negara. Biarpun demikian, ia boleh dibincangkan dari semasa ke semasa secara...

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