iTHE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS (ICRC): MANAGING ACROSS CULTURE
‘We were an orgn made up of Swiss generalists. We are becoming a multicultural and professional enterprise.”
Dr. Jacques Stroun, M.D. – (1999) Director of Human Resources & Finance (before Head of Detention Division, Deputy Director of Operations)
ICRC – provide humanitarian relief, Humanitarian ‘Multinational’ Organisation
Home base: Geneva, Switzerland
Orgn Values – Neutrality, Independence, Discretion & Humanism
Total Workforce – (2008) over 14,000 over 100 nationalities
Until recently – ICRC is very Swiss , very Genevoise
Expatriate – open to all nationalities but 93% is ...view middle of the document...
Interests & competencies with orgn’s needs & priorities; growing diversity especially promo of women to top mgmt positions.
HOW ICRC ADAPT TO THESE STRATEGIC DEMANDS WHILE PRESERVING CULTURE CRITICAL TO UPHOLDING MISSION OF NEUTRAL, INDEPENDENT, HUMANITARIAN ACTION (NIHA).
ICRC Culture – barrier to implementation of new strategic direction?
2. THE HUMANITARIAN SECTOR (external environmental change)
World witness massive increase of both natural and man-made disasters
Globalisation and terrorism
2003 – 200 million – natural disaster; 45 million – complex emergency ie. Civil war
End of Cold War – leads to more intractable type of war
Greater political instability – weak governance
Armed conflicts – active and deliberate targeting of civilians, widespread human rights abuses & use of crimes of violence as weapons of wars
Humanitarian – politicised
Securing funds –more difficult; net aids from DAC fallen sharply
UN – An Agenda of Peace, no universal criteria for military humanitarian interventation
Peace-keeping operations; UN impartiality?
UN agencies –centralised decision making; ICRC – start in the field
Armed conflict –danger, unpredictable, precipitous change, hardship, chaos – stress and burnout –
PERFORMANCE – Survival & Integrity of Individuals and group of people; employee survival, keeping life and limbs. – High turnover of expatriates & limits staff experience and inst. Memory.
Humanitarian ops – less about crisis and emergency BUT more of rehabilitation & development to build local competencies
3. INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS & RED CRESCENT (IRCRC)
IRCRC – largest humanitarian network in the world
Orgn – IRC ie ICRC, IFRC & over 180 National Societies or NS
3 entities bounded by common heritage & commitment to 7 Fundamental Principles
i.e. humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity & universality
independent but often work with partners
IFRC – focuses on natural or technological disasters; support public sector, work with NS
ICRC – guardian of Red Cross Principles & of International Humanitarian Law, recognition provider to NS, signatory to the Geneva Convention
1859 – Henri Dunant, witness the War of Italian Unification, wrote A Memory of Solferino, proposed 1. Formation of national relief societies to supplement armed forces with medical; 2. Develop international convention to protect sick & wounded in combat.
Red Cross – reflects Swiss values ie. Autonomy, egalitarianism, consensus-seeking
Switzerland – federalism; French (HQ) and English (field)
Red Cross – Red Crescent – Red Crystal (sign of purity & transparency)
5. ICRC STRATEGY 2007 -10
2006 – Identify key internal & external challenges :
Due to increasing competition, What sd be the scope of actions or range of ICRC activities?
Sd ICRC go for a niche strategy?
What type of relationsp sd ICRC established with partners &...