This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Intelligence And Birth Order Essay

2115 words - 9 pages

Intelligence and Birth Order: Are They Connected?

Abstract
There have been many examinations of birth order and the effect it has on a person’s intelligence. Some researchers feel that first-born children have higher IQ’s than that of their younger siblings. It has been said that first-born children are natural leaders. Siblings of first-born children perceive them to be academically smarter. Eldest children are known to perform higher on standardize testing than younger children in the family. Other researchers have stated that family size/home life, age of mother and circumstances around the birth of each individual child determines where they are intellectually. Researchers need ...view middle of the document...

Their study resulted in individuals with higher birth order doing better on standardized testing than individuals with lower birth order (Belmont & Marolla, 1973).
Many psychologist and sociologist have done their best to explain why they think birth order is associated with intelligence through various models. The studies having the biggest impact also focused on how children interact with their family and intellectual favorable conditions (Kristensen & Bjerkedal, 2001). In 1996 researchers from Ohio State University at Mansfield and the University of British Columbia did studies on four separate groups of people in regards to birth order. This study asked participants to write down the birth order of their brothers and sisters, including themselves. They were asked to point out the sibling who had better overall academic achievement. Each study was done under different circumstances, like in the classroom or as a take home assignment. The outcomes were similar to other studies on this subject. “Our finding that first-born’s are perceived as more intellectually achieving than later-born siblings is consistent with previous work” (Paulhus, Trapnell, & Chin, 1999, p. 487, p. 2).
The findings from a study done in 2007 explained that, “Firstborns are generally smarter than any siblings who come along later, enjoying on average a three-point IQ advantage over the next eldest - probably a result of the intellectual boost that comes from mentoring younger siblings and helping them in day-to-day tasks” (Kluger, 2007, pp. 1, 6). According to Kluger 2007, firstborns thrive and end up leading or taking charge of corporations. “Poll takers reported that 43% of the people who occupy the big chair in boardrooms are firstborns, 33% are middle-borns and 23% are last-borns” (Kluger 2007, pp. 2, 9). Eldest born children are usually doctors and other important fields helpful to people. “Just 2.3 IQ points can correlate to a 15-point difference in SAT scores, which makes an even bigger difference when you're an Ivy League applicant with a 690 verbal score going head to head against someone with a 705” (Kluger, 2007, p 6).
Many factors are behind the reasoning birth order effects intelligence. “There is no genetic component to birth order; there may be biological differences by birth order resulting from differing experiences in utero” (Black, Devereux & Salvanes, 2007, pp. 11, 2) The expected mother’s quality of pre-natal care and their behavior may be different during each pregnancy. A study was done that showed a direct connection between birth weight, length and the size of the child’s head with their intelligence. In this study these birth characteristics positively correlated with birth order, which showed that later-born children do just as well (Black, Devereux & Salvanes, 2007). The idea is that the order in which we are born is no longer significant due to recent studies. A child’s IQ or level of intelligence depends on several factors such as...

Other Papers Like Intelligence And Birth Order

Emotional and Cognitive Intelligence - Organisational Behaviour

2512 words - 11 pages throughout life via interpersonal communications – that is to say, whether high emotional intelligence is the result of nature or nurture. In order to test the nature facet of emotional intelligence, the personality, emotional stability and conscientiousness of the individual are examined (Côté & Miners, 2006) using Bar-On’s (1997) Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-I). The EQ-I was designed to measure the mental ability to be successful

Emotional Intelligence Essay

1533 words - 7 pages Emotional Intelligence A common mistake of many individuals is to assume high intellectual quotients determine one’s ability to succeed. The ability of a human to succeed is determined by a larger scope of intelligence. Emotional Intelligence (EI) can often be the differentiating factor in the achievement of successful lives and careers. Goleman (2006) identified the fundamentals of emotional intelligence (E.I.) as consisting of “self

Duties of a Police Intelligence Operative in Nigeria

1193 words - 5 pages preservation of law and order, the protection of life and property and the due enforcement of all laws and regulations with which they are directly charged, and shall perform such military duties within or outside Nigeria as may be required of them by, or under the authority of this or any other Act. Force Intelligence Bureau is a Department of the Nigeria Police Force with a specific task or responsibilities as mentioned earlier. These includes

Artificial Intelligence

1945 words - 8 pages characteristics. Artificial Intelligence had advanced to a point of near-perfect human replication. In creating this world, Dick was echoing the speculations and fears of a.i. that had build up by that time. It would then continue to influence those opinions in the years after. It is necessary to look at the development of artificial intelligence in order to put this idea into context. The concept of intelligent and aware constructs began to emerge in

Sociology

2470 words - 10 pages .” Howard Gardner FRAMES OF MIND (1983) 1. Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence (“word smart” or “book smart”) This intelligence involves the knowing which comes through language; through reading, writing, and speaking. It involves understanding the order and meaning of words in both speech and writing and how to properly use the language. It involves understanding the socio cultural nuances of a language, including idioms, plays on words, and

Future of Policing

807 words - 4 pages Future of Policing Future of Policing With the new trends and issues currently facing policing, changes are needed in order to effectively address these critical issues. Intelligence- led policing is a philosophy where data analysis and crime intelligence are central to an objective which is to aid in crime and problem reduction, disruption, and prevention through both strategic management and effective enforcement strategies

Emotional Intelligence

793 words - 4 pages and affects a person's behavior greatly; people with higher emotional intelligence tend to have better personal relationships and fewer difficult exchanges with people. Once a mood is understood, a person can adapt and change his or her mood to fit the situation in order to accomplish a goal. As Garrigan and Plucker stated, "Emotional intelligence, the skills that help people harmonize, should become increasingly valued as a workplace asset in the

Case Reaction Paper

1297 words - 6 pages The globalization of businesses has become very common today, when compared to the past. Companies have started branching out to different countries in order to expand their business using the advanced technology - the Internet. Understanding their respective culture is very crucial to develop an establishment in any country. The working style and method varies from country to country based on their culture. There is always a scope of

Emotional Intelligence

1028 words - 5 pages Emotional Intelligence and its Role in the Workplace Lori Shick Bryant & Stratton College Principle of Sociology I Professor T. Sedor April 9, 2011 Emotional Intelligence and its Role in the Workplace Emotional intelligence (EI) brings together emotions and intelligence by looking at emotions as valuable sources of knowledge that can help with the perception and management of one’s emotions and the emotions of others. Psychologists

Emotional Intelligence - 631 words

631 words - 3 pages Emotional Intelligence Paper Linda Stevenson PSY/301 February 24, 2014 Professor Ron Goodnight The difference between traditional cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence is: cognitive intelligence is logical capability, for example, it has to do with: common sense, motive, evaluation, and placing things in order. This does not have to do with an emotion per say, but rather it is a common sense kind of intelligence. It does not

General Intelligence

3245 words - 13 pages intelligence Metacomponents: control, monitor and evaluate cognitive processing. These are the executive functions to order and organise performance and knowledge acquisition components. They are the higher-order processes that order and organise the performance components. Used to analyze problems and pick a strategy for solving them. They decide what to do and the performance components actually do it. Performance Components: execute strategies

Related Essays

Birth Order And Development Of Personality

1630 words - 7 pages , brilliance and various decisions in the personal growth process. This task, therefore, seeks to explain how the birth order in a family relates to an individual's personality growth and development, relationships, intelligence and social attitudes. A child's personality is well nurtured and cultured by his or her birth order in a family. For, instance the first-born kid is usually perceived to be excessively burdened with a responsibility which

Unit 3 Psych Paper

630 words - 3 pages intelligence. In order to adequately define what is emotional intelligence and ways to enhance a persons’ emotional intelligence, these five things must be factored in. The first thing is self- awareness. This term explains its’ self. Having self- awareness means a person knowing their own mood and how that person feels about it, that person knowing their strengths and weaknesses, and that person knowing what options are there for their

Introduction To Intelligence Essay

2664 words - 11 pages . According to Anissa Frini, “Stovepiping keeps the output of different collection systems separated from one another and thus, it prevents one discipline from cross-checking another.” The lack of collaborated intelligence can lead to erroneous reporting and deception by the adversary. In order for policymakers to formulate strategic plans, information or rather intelligence gathered must have a holistic and integrated perspective. This paper

Intelligence Essay

811 words - 4 pages , assignment of Department of Defense intelligence activities to the NIP and MIP sometimes proves problematic. Organizational structure and leadership The overall organization of the IC is primarily governed by the National Security Act of 1947 (as amended) and Executive Order 12333. The statutory organizational relationships were substantially revised with the 2004 Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (IRTPA) amendments to the