Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity: An Introduction to Worldview Issues, Philosophical Foundations, and Models of Integration
Entwistle, D. N. (2010). Integrative approaches to psychology and christianity, an introduction to worldview issues, philosophical foundations, and models of integration. Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books.
In his book, Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity: An Introduction to Worldview Issues, Philosophical Foundations, and Models of Integration (2010), David Entwistle sets out to breakdown the history of and differences between psychology and Christianity and different approaches to integrating ...view middle of the document...
These worldviews serve as filters that lead people to make assumptions about the world around them. Entwistle outlines several models for which the readers can understand the relationship between psychology and Christianity. One model is the Enemies model; this model is based on the idea that psychology and theology are mutually exclusive (Entwistle, 2010). This model has two versions: Secular Combatants and Christian Combatants. Secular Combatants believe religion is nonsense (Entwistle, 2010), while Christian Combatants believe that “Christians who turn to psychology for help are denying the sufficiency of Christ” (Entwistle, 2010 p. 140).
The final chapters of the book focus on the “how” of integrating the two disciplines. One of the author’s suggestions for integrating psychology and Christianity is to unite in celebrating their diversities. Often times, it is the acceptance of our differences that creates a mutual respect and propels the greatest change in the behaviors of those involved. The most important idea expressed with regard to the integration of psychology and Christianity is the need for the life of the Christian psychologist to reflect that which they teach in the classroom, the clinic or the lab (Entwistle, 2010). This leads to the overall summation of the book which can best be expressed in Entwistle’s (2010) words, “Knowing that we are created in the image of God should cause us to be humble at the position that we occupy within the creation as God’s image-bearers.” This line of thinking can and should be applied to any profession as well as anything we do in life.
While reading this book, I kept relating the differences and similarities of psychology and Christianity to that of Christianity and Islam. Several years ago, my best friend started to question the validity of the Bible and some of the Christian beliefs. She would ask me questions like “Why are there so many different forms of Christianity?” and “How can God and Jesus be one in the same?” She says Jesus’ role in the Bible is too farfetched for her to believe. She did not think it was fair that as children, we were told what our religious beliefs were rather than being given the option to choose. She felt like her parents should have exposed her to different religions so that she could choose for herself.
She began to explore different religions for herself and found that Islam best fit her beliefs and what she was looking for from religion. I did my best to explain to her why I believe, with all my heart, that the Bible is absolute and that the only way to heaven is through Jesus. I explained to her that God has blessed me too many times and I have seen too many of His promises come to fruition in my life for me to not believe what the Bible says. However, it was during those months when we were debating about religion, that I...