Futures and Innovation | April 1
Shivani Patel, BAMA 3.3 | Gemma McGrath |
Table of Contents
Current Environmental and Ethical Solution4
Design of Programme5
Limitations to Future Success9
Appendices and Figures11
Futures and Innovation
Children are often made to aid their families and friends at all ages, however these small jobs are not harmful to the children and they are not exploited in any way to do this work, for example daily chores. This is ...view middle of the document...
’ (IPEC, 2011)
Globally the dominating child labouring areas are Africa and Asia, with roughly 113 million children engaged in child labour (Figure 1) (UNICEF. 2011). The challenge in fighting child labour globally, is that the main parts of the world that conduct the most child labour are the lesser developed parts of the world, where it is a survival necessity for the children to be put into this kind of employment.
Technological change has a huge impact on Child Labouring issues globally, as advances in communications and technologies ‘underline the integration of financial markets and permit the division of production processes throughout the world’ ( ILOCARIB, 2011). Technological change can immensely help this programme, as through technology there is ‘great potential to aid poverty reduction’ (ILOCARIB, 2011) and in turn reduce the need for child labour.
If technology continues to advance medically and socially then ‘there is vast potential for the promotion of change, higher productivity, job creations and improved standards of living in developing nations’ (ILOCARIB, 2011) which all in turn pushes forward this innovative solution.
Globalisation can affect child labour in two ways:
Firstly, it can be argued that ‘globalisation may increase the employment and earnings opportunities available to poor households in developing countries.’ (Edmunds. 2002) Essentially it can create opportunity for developing countries to be able to self serve themselves gradually out of poverty.
Secondly it also can be detrimental to the increase in Child Labour; as although there are more employment opportunities, multinational organisations need increased amounts of cheap labour, therein where the problem lies. Globalisation encourages exploitation of children in lesser developed countries as they need the income for their families. If the jobs and opportunities are readily available, which they are through global organisations, families and governments encourage the children to work in order to provide for themselves and their families.
For the ILO, globalisation works in the same ways; by increasing child labour, it increases the amount of work needed to be done by the ILO and on the other hand it provides media channels and technological vastness to aid the IPEC and its missions.
Current Environmental and Ethical Solution
One of the largest current global programmes combating child labour is by the International Labour Organisation (ILO), and is called the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC). This programme was founded in 1992 and focuses on the progressive elimination of child labour globally. ILO is working towards educating nations globally to cut down on their use of children in their economic and domestic labours. ‘IPEC currently has operations in 88 countries, with an annual expenditure on technical cooperation projects that reached over US$61 million in...