This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Initial Access Point For Coronary Angiography

706 words - 3 pages

Coronary angiography refers to the radiographic visualization of the coronary vessels after injection of radiopaque contrast media. It is used to visualize the anatomy of the coronary arteries and deduce the extent of blockage of lumen. [1] The use of percutaneous coronary intervention is, but not restricted to, to treat coronary artery diseases. [2]
The American Heart Association uses Classes I, II, III to incorporate the indications and contraindications for the procedure. Class I incorporates conditions that prove the procedure is needed. Class II refers to findings challenge the efficiency of the procedure. Class III refers to all conditions which prove this procedure is not effective ...view middle of the document...

However, the incidence of arterial thrombosis and contrast agent reactions is higher in radial approach. Other complications include heparin induced Thrombocytopenia (immune-mediated complication), nephropathy, local vascular injury, hematoma and retroperitoneal haemorrhage, pseudo-aneurysm, and numerous cerebrovascular complications. [4]
The trans-femoral route for coronary angiography is the most common route for the procedure. However, trans-radial approach has gained progressive acceptance over last two decades largely due to low vascular complications. The radial artery is not directly associated with nearby nerves and veins allowing larger degree of compressibility. Since the hand receives dual blood supply, radial artery occlusions are perfused by extensive collateral flow. [5]
Trails have proved that the radial access reduces visualization of the site in comparison to a femoral approach. The radiation exposure and procedural times for trans-radial approach is higher than its counter-approach. Nevertheless, trans-radial access reduces major bleeding by 73% compared to trans-femoral access. The complications of death, myocardial infarction and stroke are reduced by 3.8%. [1]
For either approach, the potential benefits should be weighed against the established risk factors, morbidity and mortality. [5] After analysing...

Other Papers Like Initial Access Point for Coronary Angiography

Acute Coronary Syndromes Essay

1858 words - 8 pages Diagnosis and treatment Introduction Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) include “a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, spanning ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, through to an accelerated pattern of angina without evidence of myonecrosis”.1 Please see Guidelines for the management patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction Guidelines for the management of patients with unstable angina and non-ST

Building a Text Corpus Essay

4010 words - 17 pages their application to different medical documents. We endeavored to provide a basis for such informed assessment: the construction of a large corpus of medical text samples. We propose a framework for designing such a corpus: a set of descriptive dimensions and a standardized encoding of both meta-information (implementing these dimensions) and content. We present a proof of concept demonstration by encoding an initial corpus of text samples

Cad and Smoking

961 words - 4 pages CAD AND SMOKING Both cigarette smoking and high blood pressure (BP) are important modifiable risk factors that play significant roles in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD), which accounts for a striking global burden of premature death in both developing and industrialized regions. Reference: Peinemann, F., Moebus, S., Dragano, N., Möhlenkamp, S., Lehmann, N., Zeeb, H., & ... Hoffmann, B. (2011

Robotic Surgery to Stay or Not to Stay

3946 words - 16 pages surgery robots are most commonly used for “mitral valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This approach avoids morbidity associated with a sternotomy incision and even allows cardiac revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or cardioplegia.” (1) “The success rate as assessed by subsequent angiography was 97% and less than 5% of patients experienced a major cardiac event within 6 months.” (1) Robot-assisted

Health Care Cost, Quality and Aspect of Access and Continuity

1666 words - 7 pages Health Care Cost, Quality and Aspect of Access and Continuity. Health Care Systems Kristina Comer 02/09/2014 I. Introduction Thesis Statement: Healthcare debate rages in political and public opinion, a key arguing point is the comparison and contrast of the healthcare delivery in the United States and Canada II. Body - United States and Canadian A. Aspects of Access B

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

750 words - 3 pages quantitative measurements were collected, such as, ejection fraction, VO2 peak, mean peak torque, heart rate, CSA (cross sectional area of muscle), muscle fiber circumference/area and capillary length, to be used for comparative analysis. Subjects used a custom designed electromagnetic braked ergometer to engage in 6 weeks of one-legged knee extensions. Each participant’s initial VO2 was collected using a cycle ergometer, which used continuous

Myocardial Infarction

930 words - 4 pages , Coughing, wheezing, Fever, Fatigue, chest discomfort, and Malaise. Atherosclerosis is the disease primarily responsible almost 90% of myocardial infarctions that result from an acute thrombus that obstructs an atherosclerotic coronary artery. Plaque rupture and erosion are considered to be the major triggers for coronary thrombosis. Following plaque erosion or rupture, platelet activation and aggregation, coagulation pathway activation, and endothelial

Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest

886 words - 4 pages also known as CAD. Coronary artery disease is the gradual buildup of plaque in the arteries that supply oxygen to the heart (Stonely “Coronary Artery” 164). Heart attacks can be caused by other less common reasons, such as illegal substance abuse, emotional stress, extreme hypothermia, and cigarette smoking. If a heart attack is caused by any of the above four reasons the coronary artery has become constricted to point where blood can no longer

Cardiac Rehab

1279 words - 6 pages world. Surgical procedures like coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), balloon angioplasty, and valve repair and replacement are integral to the treatment of CVD, (WHO, 2013). Although these surgical procedures often improve survival rates, decrease symptoms and increase an individual’s functional ability (ACC/AHA 2004), surgery is not curative and individuals with chronic CVD remain at increased risk for coronary events(Foody et al. 2003

Cohort Follow-Up Studies: Cardiovascular Disease (Cvd)

1542 words - 7 pages ) * Shortness of breath * Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms, if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed You might not be diagnosed with cardiovascular disease until your condition worsens to the point that you have a heart attack, angina, stroke, or heart failure. It's important to watch for cardiovascular symptoms and discuss any concerns with your doctor. Cardiovascular disease can sometimes be

The Twentieth Century: Medical Advances

3694 words - 15 pages risks resulting in heart disease, stroke, hypertension, and exacerbation of issues with some types of gastrointestinal cancers and diabetes (Leichter, 2003). These adverse health risks led to the need for medical improvements such as the development of cholesterol-lowering agents, insulin, anti-hypertensive medications, advances in cardiac procedures such as cardiac catheterizations and coronary angiography, open heart surgery, coronary angioplasty

Related Essays

Pathophysiology Of Mi Essay

1300 words - 6 pages with scar tissue 2h 5–7 days Subendocardial necrosed zone Cellular damage progressing, but still partially reversible with reperfusion Thrombus propagates into and along coronary artery Endocardium Cross-section of ventricular wall served by thrombosed artery Scar thin firm grey Mixture of living and dead myocytes; substrate for re-entrant arrhythmias 0h > 3 months Finish here 41.1 Infarction is tissue death

Emergency System Triage Essay

976 words - 4 pages ) as well as, other renowned institutions and are being implemented nationwide in medical facilities and pre-hospital settings to provide a higher level of care to our patients. The first protocol is a rapid screen for Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology have both published literature in support of the use of an electrocardiogram (EKG) within 10 minutes of arrival for patients who

Coronary Heart Disease Essay

2415 words - 10 pages stress test may reveal the disorder. This is a continuous ECG taken while the patient is vigorously exercising – often on a special machine. Then, if further evidence is essential, coronary angiography may be carried out. This gives an X-ray picture of the arteries of the heart, and it may show a clear point where obstruction is occurring. This is now widely used, particularly if corrective cardiac surgery is anticipated. The actual site of the

Cv Case Study

4190 words - 17 pages VT. Three sublingual NTG tablets were given, followed by 4 mg of morphine IVP, but the pain did not decrease. Mr. Smith was sent to the catheterization laboratory for emergency angiography. The angiogram showed 95% blockage of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. An emergency angioplasty (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty [PTCA]) was performed, but the artery continued to reocclude, so a coronary stent was inserted. Mr