Inglish Civil War Essay

1307 words - 6 pages

indice
1. Introduction 2
2. Magna Carta and parliament 1215-1295 3-4
3. What was the purpose of the Magna Carta? 4
4. Who wrote the Magna Carta? 4-5
5. .How did Magna Carta come about? 5
6. Interesting information ...view middle of the document...

). It followed a period of intense political and military activity after John's defeat at Bouvines. Magna Carta was the product of long and hard negotiation. It was designed to be a negotiated peace, bridging the extreme rebels on the one hand, and John and his supporters on the other. But in this it was a total failure for John had no intention of adhering to Magna Carta, agreeing to it only to gain time. In September 1215 civil war began in earnest. The charter's achievement and significance lie elsewhere, for it laid down standards to be observed in the future by the crown, for the first time in written law establishing defined limitations to royal rights. With the reissues of 1216 and 1217, and the definitive version of 1225 (much briefer than the original), the charter became a statement
England had for some years owned land in France. The barons had provided the king with both money and men to defend this territory. Traditionally, the king had always consulted the barons before raising taxes (as they had to collect it) and demanding more men for military service (as they had to provide the men).
While kings were militarily successful abroad, relations between the kings and the barons were good. John was not successful in his military campaigns abroad. His constant demands for more money and men angered the baron.
Magna Carta promised laws that were good and fair. It states that everyone shall have access to courts and that costs and money should not be an issue if someone wanted to take a problem to the law courts. It also states that no freeman will be imprisoned or punished without first going through the proper legal system. In future years the word "freeman" was replaced by "no one" to include everybody. 
Furthermore the original (1215) Magna Carta pre-dates any 'parliament'. And it was written with the general approval of the English Nation in an effort to define how a decent, just, and non-tyrannical society could function. Pre-dating Parliament, as it does, means that it falls outside to scope of any later Parliamentary attempts to modify it, or otherwise water it down. To do this is an act of treason against nation as a whole, since it forms the basis, or bedrock, for the British Constitution. Therefore to assert (as some do) that the Magna Carta is simply an icon is fallacious. Article 61, below, clearly states that assertions designed to undermine it are null & void.
 

3. What was the purpose of the Magna Carta
What was the purpose of the Magna Carta? The purpose of the Magna Carta was to curb the King and make him govern by the old English laws that had prevailed before the Normans came. The Magna Carta was a collection of 37 English laws - some copied, some recollected, some old and some new. The Magna Carta demonstrated that the power of the king could be limited by a written grant.
4.Who wrote the Magna Carta?
The content of the Magna Carta was drafted by Archbishop Stephen Langton and the most powerful Barons of...

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