Title: Traumatic Brain Injury
General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: After listening to my speech the audience will better understand traumatic brain injury, what causes it, and what the effects can be.
A. Did you realize that an estimated 1.7 million people suffer from a traumatic brain injury in the United States every year, and 52,000 of those die? And each year direct medical costs and indirect costs such as lost productivity of TBI totaled an estimated 60 billion in the United States.
B. According to “brainline.org,” brain injuries are most often caused by motor vehicle crashes, sports injuries, and simple falls.
C. Traumatic brain injury can range from being mild as in a slight concussion to severe as an unconsciousness, coma, and even death.
D. I will be telling you what traumatic brain injury is, what causes it, and what the effects of traumatic brain injury is.
A. First we are going to go ...view middle of the document...
1. The top three causes of traumatic brain injury are car accidents, firearms, and falls.
2. During a car accident the head can hit the steering wheel or any other stationary object. Furthermore the head does not necessarily have to hit a stationary object, but can be injured from just the sheer force of the accident causing the brain to hit the skull.
3. According to “traumaticbraininjury.com” firearms are an open head injury that penetrates the skull but the effects are just as serious as closed brain injury. Firearm injuries are often fatal and 9 out of 10 people die from their injuries.
4. The last leading cause of traumatic brain injury is falls, which are usually close head injuries. When you have a close head injury there is no penetration to the skull.
C. Now that we know what brain injury is and what causes it we are going to talk about what the effects of traumatic brain injury can be.
1. A mild traumatic brain injury is if there is a loss of consciousness, confusion, and disorientation is shorter than 30 minutes.
2. Severe traumatic brain injury is associated with the loss of consciousness for more than 30 minutes and memory loss after the injury longer than 24 hours. Survivors of traumatic brain injury can have severe memory loss, physical impairments, reasoning abilities being altered, and speech problems.
3. With mild and severe traumatic brain injury the consequences to a person’s life can be dramatic. The change in their brain function can have a dramatic impact on family, job, social, and community interaction.
1. People with brain injuries may look and act normal, as some signs are not visible, leading people not to understand the person. While in some cases traumatic brain injuries are very visible in more serious cases.
2. I hope by now you are aware of how easy it is to sustain a traumatic brain injury and how your life can dramatically change in seconds.
Lenrow, D., Finegan, J., & Cohen, S. L. (2004). Traumatic brain injury.com. Retrieved from http://www.traumaticbraininjury.com/understanding-tbi/what-is-traumatic-brain-injury/
Brainline.org. (2013) http://www.brainline.org/content/2008/07/facts-about-traumatic-brain-injury.html