Who wrote this document? Was this person historically important?
Fox Butterfield wrote this document titled, Lihua. Fox Butterfield became somewhat historically important due to the fact that in 1979 he became the first New York Times correspondent to be based in Peking or later to be known as Beijing, in 30 years. He later published, in 1982, his firsthand accounts of this experience in his book titled, China, Alive in the bitter sea. This is where he had published the account of Lihua and her Family. This could not have happened without Richard Nixon’s trip to China in 1972 that ended more than two decades of Cold war hostility. This trip allowed journalist’s access to china for the ...view middle of the document...
Mao put forward the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution to prevent the capitalist roaders from influencing Chinese to reverse the proletarian dictatorship.
Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Concerning the GPCR (Aug. 8, 1966) defines the struggle in this way:
“Although the bourgeoisie has been overthrown, it is still trying to use the old ideas, culture, customs and habits of the exploiting classes to corrupt the masses, capture their minds and endeavor to stage a come-back. The proletariat must do just the opposite: it must meet head-on every challenge of the bourgeoisie in the ideological field and use the new ideas, culture, customs and habits of the proletariat to change the mental outlook of the whole of society. At present, our objective is to struggle against and crush those persons in authority who are taking the capitalist road, to criticize and repudiate the reactionary bourgeois academic “authorities” and the ideology of the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes and to transform education, literature and art and all other parts of the superstructure that do not correspond to the socialist economic base, so as to facilitate the consolidation and development of the socialist system.”
What historical time period is the author talking about? What historical time period is the author writing in? What relevant events were taking place at the time?
The historical time period that Lihua is talking about is the beginning of “The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” that had begun in 1966. However, Prior to this Mao’s “The Great Leap Forward” had occurred, which was Mao’s attempt to industrialize China and create a stand-alone economy. Many considered this attempt a failure, as it lead to a major famine in rural areas of China and many peasant deaths. This failure was considered by historians to lead back to Chairman Mao’s inability to acknowledge that a national scale disaster was occurring within China, and his attempt to create an independent working economy was subsequently deemed a failure. Following this event, and also during, many Chinese elite such as Deng Xiao Ping began to see the inability for china to “go along the old collectivist, stand-alone path.” and saw that the Chinese economy was collapsing. This experience showed Deng Xiao Ping that China was unable to function without the global economy. This created a need for people such as Deng Xiao Ping to begin to up rise. Mao countered this capitalist agenda with the Great Proletarian Revolution.
During the Cultural Revolution towards the early to mid 1970s, a group of radical lefist’s known as the gang of four began to dominate China through their control of...