This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Infection Control Essay

2985 words - 12 pages

Nosocomial infections refers to infections acquired during hospitalization, with symptoms usually occurring within forty-eight hours after admission.
The origin of nosocomial infections can be attributed to the following:
- Bacterial flora already present in the patient;
- Microorganisms from the environment through transmission from: carriers colonized at admission, admitted to wards without undergoing surveillance, isolation or eradication of the germ(s); patients who have developed the infection but who have not been isolated;contact with contaminated objects and surfaces; medical personnel, usually via their hands; invasive procedures such as the installation or maintenance of a ...view middle of the document...

The increase in infection-related health activity is the result of a gradual increase in specific risk factors such as antibiotic pressure and the greater complexity of patients’ conditions. Despite their strong impact, both socially and economically, the surveillance systems and programs currently deployed for the prevention of nosocomial infections are quite dishomogeneous and, in many situations, do not exist at all.
There are two main discriminating factors in this critical situation. The first relates to the chronic lack of funds for a serious policy of prevention, particularly in terms of an effective screening process. The second concerns the lack of accurate knowledge and widespread awareness on the part of health-care operators who are apparently unable to see the problem, in its complexity, as a factor that impacts on all health-care processes, be that at regional or hospital level.
Another crucial element to consider is the emergence of bacterial strains resistant to antibiotics,given the widespread use of these drugs as a prophylactic or a therapeutic regimen.
Main Body

How MRSA relates to the disease symptoms
Non-specific resistance, to an invading organism, or pathogen, is a defence mechanism the body employs to protect itself from attack (Tortora and Grabowski 1996). Inflammation, response to bacterial invasion, occurs due to release of chemicals in the bloodstream causing vasodilation and increased capillary permeability increasing blood flow and cellular activity to the affected area and surrounding tissues (Waugh and Grant 2001). The result of this increased activity causes redness, swelling and heat. A process called chemotaxis, chemical attraction, draws necessary cells to the damaged area, travelling through gaps in the capillary wall in a process known as diapedesis (Van De Graff and Fox 1995). Phagocytosis occurs at this point by engulfing the invading micro-organism at the site of infection. As the phagocytes die and dead cells increase a pocket of exudate is formed which can rupture onto the surface in the form of pus. Due to recent surgery Mrs C may not experience increased pain although this is an important symptom of inflammation, which is created by pressure from the swelling.

Fever occurs when the temperature setting in the thermostat of the hypothalamus is displaced upwards due to the discharge of pyrogens, released during phagocytosis. The thermoregularoty reflex then initiates the mechanism to raise core temperature and results in pyrexia (Tortora and Grabowski 1996).

ii) Predisposing factors that make the host susceptible to MRSA

The S aureus organism can be found naturally on 50% of the population maintains Alexander et al (2000). MRSA colonises on areas of the skin, but only becomes infectious when immunity is compromised and integrity is lost. Nursing Times (2003a) states MRSA is unlikely to develop into an infection in a healthy individual. However according to Hosein et al...

Other Papers Like Infection Control

The Principles of Infection Prevention and Control

1071 words - 5 pages The Principles of Infection Prevention and Control. Q1. * To take action to prevent the spread of infection by following the correct policies and procedures in accordance with legislation and local and organisational bodies. * To have good hand washing procedures. * To wear gloves and aprons at all times when carrying out all personal care duties. * Preferably wear blue plasters to cover up any wounds to prevent infection

Infection Control Essay

1143 words - 5 pages unpleasant symptoms. Most bacteria can be treated with antibiotics. Some bacteria are resistant to antibiotics. The common characteristics of viruses: Viruses can only be seen with an electron microscope because they are so small. Only one or two particles are required to cause an infection. Viruses cannot survive for very long outside the body. Viruses cannot be treated with antibiotics but in some cases are treated with antiviral

Preventing Infection

1324 words - 6 pages protect clients and themselves from infection. To prevent infection, you must understand how infections spread. You also must follow your employer’sinfection control policies. Infection control refers to policies and procedures used to prevent the spread of infection within health care settings MICROORGANISMS TYPES OF MICROORRGANISMS Within health care settings, the three types of microbes that cause the greatest risk for infection are


4485 words - 18 pages PR ACTICE STAndARd Infection Prevention and Control Table of Contents Introduction Standard Statements Application of evidence-based measures Application of professional judgment Risk reduction Communication Maintaining a Quality Practice Setting Case Scenarios Appendix Glossary of Clinical Terms References 3 4 4 4 5 5 6 8 9 11 12 OuR MISSIOn is to protect the public’s right to quality nursing services by providing leadership to the

Unit 39 - D2

613 words - 3 pages Unit 39 - D2 A risk assessment is an important step in protecting residents and staff as well as complying with the law. The assessment helps focus on the risks that have the potential to cause harm and in this context, from the harm of acquiring an infection. In most instances, straightforward measures can readily control risks e.g. ensuring that clean and dirty linen are segregated to prevent cross contamination. The law does not expect

Decision Making In The Work Place

825 words - 4 pages Decision- Making In the Workplace Felita Alexander HCA/250 October 14, 2012 Emily Gruendler In this paper it discusses how a group of nursing home administrators and an infection control officer has to come together and chose and try to make decisions together and try to bring down the infection rate in the nursing home. Nursing home administrators may have patient care

Unit 4222-265

1385 words - 6 pages person is very old or very young, pregnant, poor diet, poor mobility, incontinence, presence of an open wound or a stoma, sharing facilities or if you smoke. Another key factor would be lack of cleanliness like spreading bacteria by not changing personal protective equipment (PPE) when you have finished assisting a client with personal care you should always dispose of the PPE in the correct manor and put new gloves and aprons on for the next client this will prevent the spread of infection, lack of knowledge for the prevention using infection control methods.

The Importance of Hand Hygiene in the Work Place

629 words - 3 pages the auditors are or who audits whom. It could be some of your peers, some of the doctors, or someone from infection control. Hospital wide audits are published through e-mail, so each department can view where they are in the hand washing audits. The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit’s hand washing audits and infection rates go hand in hand. Whenever the hand washing audits are below average or average, the infection rates are higher. As a nurse, if

Reducing the Risk of Surgical Site Infection

1189 words - 5 pages guideline. Surgical site infections (SSI)is an infection patient acquired from hospital after surgery, It has a significant representation of healthcare associated infections. According to Center for Dieases Control and Prevention (CDC) SSI is defines as “ an infection that occurs after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place.” (Spruce, 2014). The author, Spruce (2014) addressed the mortality rate of surgical site infection and

A Study of the Rates of Co-Infection of Hiv/Aids and Tuberculosis in Urbanized Regions Within Sub-Saharan Africa

2388 words - 10 pages Study of the rates of co-infection of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Urbanized regions within Sub-Saharan Africa Sistla Sumanth Introduction: Airborne communication of mycobacterium tuberculosis is responsible for the evolution of primary tuberculosis (TB) in immunostable and immunocomprimsed patients (Aaron, et al. 2004). In 1993, the center for disease control classification identified that TB was the defining illness

Epidemic of Zika Virus

1008 words - 5 pages Epidemic of Zika Virus Carla Slaton SCI/163 March 7, 2016 Robert Williams Epidemic of Zika Virus Introduction Zika virus is a rising mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first found in rhesus monkey in Zika forest present in Uganda in the year 1947. Before the year 2007, few cases of the infection caused by the virus in human beings were found in the some countries from Africa and Asia. First reported outbreak of the infection occurred

Related Essays

Infection Control Essay

1034 words - 5 pages Discuss the concept of occupational health and control measures implemented to prevent such infection ? To prevent and to control the spread of infection is primary in the health care settings. It begins by believing that everybody is very much infectious therefore, its everybody's responsibility to prevent and control the spread of infection. Healthcare workers have a guidelines on how to prevent and control the spread of infection when

Infection Control Essay

962 words - 4 pages Approaches to Decision Making Stephanie Kert HCA/250 October 16, 2014 Cynthia Baxter Reduce Infection Control Long term care facilities have high infection rates due to patients being within close proximity of one another. Long term care residents are usually older in which due to their immune systems are usually more susceptible to highly infectious illnesses. Due to this increase, there are specialized precautions and procedures that

Priciples Of Infection Prevention And Control

1185 words - 5 pages The principles of infection prevention and control Outcome 1 Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections As an employee; we have a responsibility in the prevention and control of infection, by always decontaminating hands between caring for different patients, and by applying an alcohol gel or washing hands with a liquid soap and water and then drying with paper towels. Also by ensuring the appropriate

Unit Ic01, Infection Prevention And Control

2613 words - 11 pages The Principle of Infection Prevention and Control 1 Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections 1.1 Explain employees roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection The employee has a duty of care for the service users you attend. This means we always act in the best interests of the service user and their care needs. The GSCC code of practice 5.7 declares you