Inequality In Our Society Essay

988 words - 4 pages

In this course we will investigate what causes gender inequality. This question is of great importance and it is a very general question that immediately implies a variety of more specific questions. Why has gender inequality seemingly existed in all known societies? Why did gender inequality arise originally? Why did gender inequality persist even as technological and cultural evolution overwhelmingly transformed social, economic and political organization? What is it that people do that sustains gender inequality across generations? The closer and more critically we examine the issues, the more questions about causation we ...view middle of the document...

Wage discrimination exists when workers are equally qualified and perform the same work but one group of workers is paid more than another, favored men over similarly qualified women. The following are the factors of inequality in our society:
* Statistical discrimination: It is also cited as a cause for income disparities and inequality in the workplace, statistical discrimination indicates the likelihood of employers to deny women access to certain occupational tracks because women are more likely than men to leave their job or labor force when they become married or pregnant. Women are instead given position that dead-end or jobs that have very little mobility. The gender earnings ratio suggests that there has been an increase in women’s earnings comparative to men. Female entrepreneurs are statistically more prone to failure in business. In the event of a business failure women often return to their domestic lifestyles despite the absence of income.
* Human capital: Theories refer to the education, knowledge, training, experience or skill of a person which makes them potentially valuable an employer. This has historically been understood at a cause of the gendered wage gap but is no longer a predominant cause as women and men in certain occupations tend to have similar education levels or other credentials. Even when such characteristics of jobs and workers are controlled for, the presence of women within a certain occupation leads to lower wages. This earnings discrimination is considered to be a part of pollution theory. This theory suggests that jobs which are predominated by women offer lower wages than do jobs simply because of the presence of women within the occupation. As women enter an occupation, this reduces the amount of prestige associated with the job and men subsequently leave these occupation.
* Income disparity: between genders stems from processes that determine the quality of jobs and earning associated with jobs. Earnings associated with jobs will cause income inequality take form in the placement of individuals into particular jobs through individual qualifications or stereotypical norms. Placement of men or women...

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