Assignment 1.1: Industrialization after the Civil War Thesis and Outline
The Industrial Revolution was of great importance to the economic development of the United States. The new era of mass production kindled in the United States because of technological innovations, a patent system, new forms of factory corporations, a huge supply of natural resources, and foreign investment. The growth of large-scale industry in America had countless positive results, but also negative results as well. Industrialization after the Civil War affected the United States in several ways including poverty, poor labor laws, and the condition of the people.
Because of the railroad service, hundreds of new jobs were being brought into place also allowing them to work in cities far away from their homes and travel to resort areas for leisure. Second, the development of new public transit systems, was important in shaping the design of our cities and the growth of our cities by enabling people to move further away from the inner city. Early on, large cities didn’t really have public transportation. Their main source of transportation were horse drawn wagons and walking. In conclusion, most people lived near on in the downtown area, where most of the working establishments were located. Because of this, it made big cites crowed and congested. With the breakthrough of the “el”, electric streetcars, and subways, around 1867, cities began expand more. Those who were fortunate enough to move out of the dirty cities and into better neighborhoods surrounded outside the city, did so. The new transit systems in most cities allowed people to escape the chaos of urban life and provided potential for growth of our cities.
The second major innovation is the telephone because it opened up doors for everybody. The telephone allowed them to be connected to other parts of the world, or their loved ones did not live in the same city. It permitted them to stay connected to relatives and have audio conversations without the inconvenience of letters which took a while to arrive by post. It produced better business for the small to larger corporate businesses as well as in the event of an emergency.
The last major innovation was invention of the light bulb. Humphry Davy was the first person who brought electric light to the industrial age in 1803 by passing electrical current through a string of platinum. However, it was not useful for practical reasons since it one lasted for a short time. Several people such as scientist and inventors tried to improve the design of the incandescent light bulb during the following decades but never successful. Eventually, Thomas Edison, an inventor, made a major breakthrough by inventing a light bulb that was long lasting and could be manufactured commercially at a reasonable cost. Soon after, light bulbs replaced candles lamps, and lanterns in almost every urban household with access to electricity. Edison's light bulbs allow people to do many things at night, such as work, that used to only happen during the day.
The Industrial Revolution had changed people lives for the better and the worse. Life was supposed to be easy for the Americans since there were more jobs and opportunities. However, they had long work hours in terrible factory conditions, work with dangerous machinery, very little pay, and spent majority of their time at work instead of at home with their family. The low wages made it impossible for the entire family to live on wages and the practice of child labor became rampant. Children as young as six years old during that period worked hard hours for a...