Assignment 1.2: Industrialization after the Civil War
14 Nov 15
After the civil war industrialization influenced the United States by creating new jobs, building new modern cities, and by providing a faster means of transportation. Between 1865 and 1920, industrialization seemed to improve America, but it also created a great deal of problems.
Workers from the south typically farmed for low wages if any at all after slavery as sharecroppers to their once Slave Master. Many southerners fled to what they thought to be a better life in the north, as well as job security. However, southerners weren't the only ones ...view middle of the document...
Others were ‘back to back’ with communal toilets. Sanitary arrangements were often non-existent, and many toilets were of the ‘earth closet’ variety. These were found outside the houses, as far away as possible because of the smell. Usually they were emptied by the ‘soil men’ at night. However, in poorer districts, the solid waste was just heaped in a large pile close to the houses (Burchill, Shirley).
During the Industrial Revolution new cities were created for the increasing amount of southerners as well as immigrants, but as mentioned in the previous paragraph, the housing conditions were not what they expected. Since many lived close to the factories in which they worked they didn’t have much of an option in their living conditions. Transportation during the industrial revolution became a faster means of transporting not only people but goods as well. Before the Industrial Revolution, there were very few roads, and the roads they did have were in bad condition. They were muddy, flooded easily, and were filled with boulders. This made travel by stagecoach or wagon very difficult and dangerous. Actual vehicles as well as locomotives started becoming available, in the early 1800s, Although Henry Ford was not the only person to effect industrialization, he did certainly help it along with his production line concepts resulting in an affordable automobile (Poddar Ankur) as well as Robert Fulton building the first successful steamboat, which made transporting across the Atlantic easier.
Five specific groups that were affected by industrialization were: farmers, immigrants, slaves, middle class citizens, and the elite. Farmers were affected because industrialization created new and faster machinery for farming, needing less manpower and producing greater amounts in a shorter period of time. Since the new machinery costs were extremely high, farmers often went into debt after purchasing. During the industrialization period thousands of immigrants were entering America between 1880 and 1920 in hopes of a better life, and to escape their country's economic problems. Few were satisfied once they arrived here in the America, however many were not. Once they arrived they not only had to face the economic challenges Americans were already faced with but the possibility of returning back to their countries if they didn’t pass the 20 question inspection that was thrown at them by the inspectors on Ellis Island. The inspectors asked them their age, occupation, marital status, and destination in an attempt to determine their social, economic, and moral fitness. If the immigrants did not pass a specific portion of the exam they would possibly be quarantined or even sent back...