Industrial Revolution Technological Advancements Essay

1578 words - 7 pages

In perhaps one of the most critical turning points in the world's history, the Industrial Revolution ushered in an age of unparalleled technological advancements and economic expansion so immense, that its impact can still be felt today. Lasting from the late1800s until the1960s, the industrial age dramatically altered almost every facet of life. Beginning with the growth of the steal industry, which would later lead to led to the development of the first steam engines and the construction of improved shipping canals a new transportation infrastructure emerged. In a push towards newer, more efficient and innovative ways of performing tasks, the twentieth century began as the world's agrarian ...view middle of the document...

Spurred by the increase in blue collar labor in the 1930s, organized labor and unionization greatly impacted the business world for many years. As the United States entered a new economic age - the information age - the composition of the work force shifted from the blue collar manual labors, to the more educated professional white collar workers. Since this shift in the labor force, unions influence has slowly declined.Two of the most important changes in the business world are the by products of the civil rights moment of the 1960s. With increased emphasis placed upon racial and gender equality, the business world was forever changed as women and minorities changed the composition of the workforce. In a society more tolerant of individual differenced, the business world is composed of a heterogeneous body of individuals with unique perspectives and talents.Essay 27As new technologies continually change not only the focus of a business's activities but also the way business itself is conducted, the role of manager becomes increasingly hard to define. As individuals who give a group or organization direction and leadership, the critical importance of managers is clear.As a rule, a manager is a person who integrates the work of others. Depending on the organization's business focus the manager's job encompasses many different responsibilities. From coordinating the activities of cross functional teams, to counseling disgruntled employees, to coordinating the work effort of employees, managers perform many jobs. According to a study conducted by Henry Mintzburg, conducted in the late 1960s, research data shows that management roles (that is specific categories of managerial behavior, can be broken down into ten "different but highly interrelated roles" centered around three central themes: interpersonal relationships, the transfer of information, and decision making.Of the four duties that fall under the interpersonal category, the figurehead role, is perhaps the most symbolic in nature. The role of figurehead gains it's importance from its perceived importance. As a figurehead, managers perform ceremonial duties that are less directed at directly benefiting the organization as they are at implanting a positive image of the company into the minds of the consumer. By influencing the perceptions of others through positive PR and increased worker moral the organization indirectly benefits....As manager, one of your main functions is facilitate coordination of employee activities through formal leadership functions. In the leadership role, it is the manager's responsibility to clarify duties, effectively directed unit activities and synchronize employee goals with organizational goals. Hiring, motivating, training, and disciplining employees are other important functions of the manager acting as a leader.Successful managers operate based on the assumption that employees are at the heart of any organization's success. With idea in mind, managers adopt...

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