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Industrial Relations Essay

2340 words - 10 pages

HRM 603: Comparative Studies of Industrial or Employment Relations
Assignment 1
Trimester 3
HRM 603: Comparative Studies of Industrial or Employment Relations
Assignment 1
Trimester 3

Name: Cagi Merelita
ID no.: 2011001230

Table of Contents
Introduction 1
The development & evolution of IR/ER system 2
The development & evolution of IR/ER system in the Fiji Island 3
The IR/ER system of Australia against that of the Fiji Islands 4
The emerging issues & recent trends in IR/ER in both nations 5
Considered key roles & responsibilities by the major actors in an IR/ER system in each country 6
Major actor’s roles & responsibilities ...view middle of the document...

Against the background stated above, the development & evolution of IR/ER system in Australia will be critically examined, with the development & evolution of IR/ER system in the Fiji Islands. The IR/ER system of Australia will be compared and contrasted against that of the Fiji Islands, with the emerging issues & recent trends in IR/ER in both nations. Furthermore, the critical analysis of what is considered as key roles & responsibilities by the major actors in an IR/ER system in each country with critical analysis and evaluation of the major actor’s roles & responsibilities that is considered most significant in an IR/ER context, with its reasons.

The development & evolution of IR/ER system
Critically examine the development & evolution of IR/ER system in that country? (2.5 marks)

According to (Shelton, 1995), “ Human resource management in Australia is in a very critical phase of development, as the recent changes in the international economic standing of Australia have created an ‘economic crisis’ mentality that is having a lasting impact on business and politics.
(Teicher, 2004) noted that the development of the industrial relations in Australia can be categorized into stages. Firstly, is the emergence of industrial relations from law. (Teicher, 2004) further noted that the second phase;
“is characterized by an explicit focus on economics, where the role of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission and its predecessors as instruments of anti-inflationary wages policy throughout most of the period since World War II, with the preoccupation and emphasis on economics was also influenced by the rise of collective bargaining and the concerns of American labor economists of the 1960s”.
The third phase of development traces the shift of industrial relations into management departments in universities, and the influence of psychology and organizational behavior, which led Walker (1984) to foreshadow a fourth stage of development, in which the human resources and industrial relations aspects of all management decisions would be taken fully into account by management . However, we can argue that this has come to pass as, according to (Teicher, 2004), “with the industrial relations discipline being influenced by, and often perceived to be in competition with, human resource management”.
Furthermore, according to (Sagoa, Industrial or Employment Relations in Australia, 2013);
“Since the 1990s the Australian industrial relations system has undergone significant legislative change, structural change, significant declines in union density and power with increases in non-standard forms of employment, and a shift away from a centralized industrial relations system to a decentralized system focused on enterprise bargaining”.
The development & evolution of IR/ER system in the Fiji Island
Critically examine the development & evolution of IR/ER system in the Fiji Island?
(2.5 marks)


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