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Industrial Attachement Report

2637 words - 11 pages

Gender is a concept that refers to the social and cultural constructs that each society assigns to behaviors, characteristics and values attributed to men and women, reinforced by symbols, laws and regulations, institutions, and perceptions. The basis of these constructs lies behind the idea that they are natural or intrinsic, and therefore, unalterable. On the contrary, gender constructs are shaped by ideological, historical, religious, ethnic, economic and cultural determinants. These are then translated into social, economic and political inequities; where men’s activities and their gender attributes are perceived as essentially superior to women’sas argued by Van Marle, Karin (2006), ...view middle of the document...

If gender policy has transformatory goals, then gender planning asa process will necessarily be a political one, involving consultationwith and participation of different stakeholders.There is a variety of gender planning frameworks based ondiffering approaches to gender analysis, each with its ownplanning principles and tools. For example, Caroline Moser (1993) developed a gender planning framework consisting of genderplanning tools, gender planning procedures, and the componentsof gender planning practice.
The Gender Planning enforces gender equity, which denotes the equivalence in life outcomes for women and men, recognizing their different needs and interests, and requiring a redistribution of power and resources. The goal of gender equity, sometimes called substantive equality, moves beyond equality of opportunity by requiring transformative change. It recognizes that women and men have different needs, preferences, and interests and that equality of outcomes may necessitate different treatment of men and women. An equity approach implies that all development policies and interventions need to be scrutinized for their impact on gender relations. It necessitates a rethinking of policies and programs to take account of men’s and women’s different realities and interests. So, for example, it implies rethinking existing legislation on employment, as well as development programs, to take account of women’s reproductive work and their concentration in unprotected, casual work in informal and home based enterprises as postulated by, DFID (Social Development Division), 1998
The gender planning tools include gender roles identification; gender needs assessment, and the collection of disaggregated data at the household level. The gender planning procedures involve the diagnosis of the gender problem, formulation of gender objectives, procedures for monitoring and evaluation, gender-based consultation and participation, and identification of an entry strategy. The final aspect, practice, identifies the need to institutionalize gender planning, and to operationalize this through recognized procedures. Building capacity amongst planners is necessary to ensure policy is transformed into practice with the minimum of dilution.
DFID (Social Development Division), 1998The Planning processes enables a mainstreaming strategy, as gender concerns are seen as important to all aspects of development, for all sectors and areas of activity, and a fundamental part of the planning process. Responsibility for the implementation of gender policy is diffused across the organizational structure, rather than concentrated in a small central unit. Such a process of mainstreaming has been seen to take one of two forms. The agenda-setting approach to mainstreaming seeks to transform the development agenda itself whilst prioritizing gender concerns. The more politically acceptable integrationist approach brings women’s and gender concerns into all of the existing policies and...

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