This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Indian Ocean Tsunami Essay

589 words - 3 pages

The 2004 Boxing Day Indian Ocean Tsunami happened at 00:58UT at 3.316 degrees North and 95.854 degrees East. The Tsunami lasted 8 minutes and caused 227,898 people to lose their lives, which affected many people in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Somalia, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The Indian Ocean Tsunami was created by a series of chain affects including subduction, formation of an earthquake, formation of a tsunami and wave formation.

Subduction is the process that takes place at the boundaries by which one tectonic plate moves under another tectonic plate. The tectonic plates push against each other, causing a build up of pressure, which causes dramatic movement. The Indian Ocean Tsunami was located 250 kms off the West coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The process of the Indonesian Tsunami was caused by the ...view middle of the document...

3 magnitude earthquake on the 26th of December 2004. The epicentre of an earthquake is the point on the earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake and is the centre where the waves radiate out in all directions as the earths surface shakes. The epicentre of the earthquake was 30km below the Indian Ocean’s surface and it shook for 8 minutes.

The formation of the Indian Ocean Tsunami was caused by the sudden change of depth in the sea floor, which was created by the Indo-Australian plate slipping 90 centimetres underneath the Burma plate. This lead to the displacement of billions of tonnes of water in the Indian Ocean setting off a series of waves that travel long distances and travelling at speeds of up to 900 kilometres per hour. The waves although were travelling with such force were only 30 cm in height so were barely noticeable.

The last process of the Tsunami is the wave formation. This is created by water particles orbiting, while transferring energy as they bump against each other. In deep seas this is often seen as ocean swells as the tsunami moves at great speeds. When waves approach the shore, the wave slows but increases in height from 30cm deep sea waves to 20 metres and break once it reaches land. Waves travelling east only took 30 minutes to reach Sumatra. Coastal areas like Sri Lankan tourist resort of Kalutara had almost no warning of the approaching tsunami and the first sign was only just before the tsunami struck. The waterline suddenly went back and exposed hundreds of metres of beach and seabed. The waves came on shore at intervals between 5-40 minutes. In Kalutara the water reached at least 1km onshore causing huge impacts and destruction.

The Indian Ocean Tsunami caused huge destruction all around South-East Asia and the most affected countries include India that caused 10,749 people to lose their lives, Thailand 5,395 lives, Indonesia 131,028 lives, Sri Lanka 31,229 lives and Malaysia that experienced 69 deaths.

Other Papers Like Indian Ocean Tsunami

Grameen Bank Essay

885 words - 4 pages : After the powerful Tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004, Grameen Trust embarked on a Post-Tsunami Support Plan, with an intention of rehabilitating Tsunami-affected people. GT partnered with several organizations in order to provide financial services to the impoverished people of Indonesia and India. 6. Training Program: To meet the demands of various organizations engaged in microcredit, Grameen Trust organizes training programs for existing

International Business Management Essay

1701 words - 7 pages ocean floor at a plate boundary rises or falls suddenly it displaces the water above it and launches the rolling waves that will become a tsunami. On 26 December 2004, the great tsunami was hardest-hits Aceh, Indonesia, resulting from Indian Ocean earthquake and it become one of the world disasters in history. It was killed more than 200,000 and about 500,000 were left homeless. A province on the northern tip of Sumatra Island, Aceh was the

Cooperation

828 words - 4 pages it comes to early warning systems, the NDMA has one in place in the Indian Ocean for tsunami or flood alerts. "We also have an early warning system for earthquakes in prone areas. Once these potential disasters are detected, it goes as an SMS to all members in the NDMA, including the district level authorities," Sinha said. According to the NDMA, many states in the country are well prepared to handle disasters. For example, Gujarat and

Disaster Management in South-East Asia

5460 words - 22 pages donors and agencies. Aceh (Indonesia) Tsunami, 2004 The tsunami of December 26, 2004 that struck Indonesia, Thailand, and the South Indian coastline (including other countries as far away as Somalia in Africa) was among the biggest natural calamity in recent times. The tsunami waves (which travelled at the speed of 600–800 km per hour) were preceded by an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale under the Indian Ocean seabed. It was the most

The Hazards Presented by Volcanic and Seismic Events Have the Greatest Impact on the World’s Poorest People'. to What Extent Do You Agree with This View?

1062 words - 5 pages people from the area because it is unsafe – some say it is too late. The 2004 Boxing Day tsunami affected many people with over 350000 killed. Indonesia, Sumatra and the Nicobar Islands were badly affected. The poorest people were the worst affected by the disaster because there was no warning and many did not know that there was that type of hazard. However there has been a tsunami warning system in the Pacific Ocean since the 1940s – this is

Seismic Events

1062 words - 5 pages people from the area because it is unsafe – some say it is too late. The 2004 Boxing Day tsunami affected many people with over 350000 killed. Indonesia, Sumatra and the Nicobar Islands were badly affected. The poorest people were the worst affected by the disaster because there was no warning and many did not know that there was that type of hazard. However there has been a tsunami warning system in the Pacific Ocean since the 1940s – this is

Ocean Acidification

2879 words - 12 pages , during the next several decades (Orr et al11). Long-term historical magnitudes of ocean acidification in the southern Pacific and Indian Oceans have been simulated, based on surface carbonate concentrations measured by the five cruises in Australia during summers from 1994 to 2009. PH values have been calculated from sea surface temperature, salinity, dissolved inorganic carbon, and partial pressure of CO2 using solubility constants dissociation

Book Report

2605 words - 11 pages ) Thirdly, tsunami is a gigantic system of waves in ocean basins that is resulted from sudden displacement of ocean surfaces. Mostly, tsunami is a consequence of underwater earthquakes and the examples of Indian Ocean and La Palma are then illustrated. In the significant tsunami of Indian Ocean, more than 200,000 deaths were caused directly and long-term social facilities and industries destructions, for instances, buildings, roads and tourism industry

Discuss The View That The Impact Of Earthquakes Depends Primarily On Human Factors

1736 words - 7 pages forested, as opposed to 60% in 1923) increased soil erosion, leading to slope instability, heightened during an earthquake. A large proportion of Haiti’s population live on or near the foot of these slopes, and during an earthquake are at a high risk of loss or damage to property from landslides. The role of land use in aggravating the impacts of seismic hazards can clearly be seen from the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004. Tourist resorts dominated

Discuss The Major Factors Associated With Appraisal Of Expatriate Managerial Performance

1200 words - 5 pages to manage a team, to improve their motivation. MNE’s strategy is based on economic and political criteria, which can be instable from a country to another. For example, the collapse of communist rules in the end of the 1980s, the Gulf war with the increasing of oil prices , the tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004 or more recently the Arab Spring in 2011. All of these events must be taken into account on the management performance because

Policemen of the World

1244 words - 5 pages discussed below. Question 1 The Indian Ocean earthquake: The disaster affected various countries along the Indian Ocean. As a consequence, more than one hundred and eighty thousand individuals were killed, whereas fifty thousand individuals went missing (Carballo, Daita, & Hernandez, 2005). Furthermore, more than 1.6 million survivors were displaced. Island and coastal regions’ infrastructure was also damaged in most countries. The earthquake

Related Essays

The Earthquake And The Tsunami On The Indian Ocean

537 words - 3 pages The earthquake and the tsunami on the Indian Ocean (2004) On 26th of December 2004, the most horrible nightmare came true for the people living in the countries located on the Indian Ocean; Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka and the Maldives. It’s one of those episodes that still are remembered today and are in the back of people’s minds. It was series of underground-earthquakes that were triggered, and the first and the most

Junk Food Shoud Be Banned Essay

553 words - 3 pages and homeless thousands. FOLLOWING SHOWS STRONG TSUNAMIS HAPPENED IN PAST YEARS 2010 Mexico is the recent tsunami 2010 chillie 2007 Solomon Island 2006 Steep Point 2004 Indian ocean 1998 papua new Guinea 1992 Nicaragua 1976 Philippins 1964 Alaska 1060 Chilie 1952 Russia 1906 San fransisco Is it possible to prevent a tsunami? In a

Floods, Tsunami, Cricket Worldcup, Earthquake Essay

571 words - 3 pages shallow waters, typically near the coast. The mega thrust earthquake-measuring 9.0 at Richter scale, off the western coast of northern Sumatra (Banda Ache), Indonesia was the largest of its type since the 9.2 magnitude Good Friday earthquake off Alaska in 1964. The deadliest natural disaster caused by the tsunami generated from an undersea earthquake on 26 December 2004 in the Indian Ocean has shaken up the world. The 2004 tsunami generated waves

Essay On Tsunami, December 26th 2004 The Disaster That Was Caused By The Tsuanmi, And It Takes A Look Into Its Sociological Persepctives

2187 words - 9 pages On December 26, 2004 the world experienced the most devastating natural disaster to hit the Indian Ocean. It was classified as a tsunami, a tsunami holding immense power equivalent to the destruction of three nuclear bombs. Tsunami waves can become more than 30 feet high as they come into shore and can rush miles inland across low-lying areas. The death tolls were astronomical causing much grief, pain and depression throughout the world