Inclusion: Beyond Special Needs Essay

2337 words - 10 pages

Inclusion in education is an approach to educating students with special educational needs; under this model students with special needs spend most or all of their time with non-disabled students. Evidence from the last decade reveals that segregation of special needs students, as opposed to spending time with non-disabled students, is actually damaging to them both academically and socially. Segregating students placed in the special education category is a trend that has been vastly common in public schools, but in the last few years inclusion in general education settings is becoming a more credible option. Placing students in an inclusive classroom is effective in positively adjusting ...view middle of the document...

While small pieces of evidence may defend the difficulty that teachers are having stepping up to the challenge of teaching special needs students, considerable support, along with the successfulness of a substantial amount of teachers, proves that mainstream schools and teachers are effectively overcoming these hurdles.
The personal achievement of special needs students increases immensely in many different areas due to inclusion. This achievement is greatly influential on special needs students because of the way this success leads to real world accomplishments as well as academic accomplishments. Placing special education learners in reach of normal, equal opportunity to learn and interact with general education learners who are also working towards real life goals help give sight of the value of these real life situations. These real world situations such as looking for jobs and the learning of life skills are more successful when inclusion has been implemented and students are able to see the outcomes of developmental and constructive goal setting. Developmental goals are not the only ones focused on in the achievement rates of inclusion. “Placement of students with special educational needs in different types of classes constitutes a kind of streaming or ability grouping. Originally, this has been considered to be an arrangement designed to improve academic performance” (Myklebust 76). As the academic performance rates of special needs students are gradually becoming higher, the validity of inclusion is becoming the clear reason.
Undoubtedly, the valuable results of all types of educational achievement being in reach for special needs students present a sense of confidence and self-worth. Not only does attaining goals give this appreciation, but also simply being surrounded by a more equal opportunity environment contributes to this confident perception. Another perception that becomes positively altered due to encouraging inclusion is the self-reliance level of special needs students; this feel for independence noticeably rises when placed in an environment with general education students. “Inclusive programs operate on the belief that all children have strengths and challenges and are fundamentally the same kind of people” (Roffman, Wanerman, and Britton 8). Because children are essentially the same type of people, workers, and students, facing challenges and applying their strengths together is more effective than doing so unaided. Not having this type of partnership and communication between fellow students, as well as self-esteem, is unpromising in the world of effective education. While these stances can make all the difference in the outlook and successfulness of special education students, if they do not have the interaction with students in other areas, the confidence that has been built up will not hold strong. Consequently, this potential segregation can affect many other aspects and areas of education.
Segregation versus...

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