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Impeachment Essay

2924 words - 12 pages

Presidential Impeachments
By: Elizabeth Almodovar
LS-500 Legal Process and Method
November 23, 2011
Professor Richardson

The United States Constitution states that "The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."(Article II, Section 4) Therefore to impeach the President of the United States there is a long process that needs to be followed. The First step is to have the Judiciary Committee decides whether or not to bring impeachment proceedings against the President of the United State. They will have to make this determination ...view middle of the document...

Andrew Johnson was being charged with violating the Tenure of Office Act by terminating his secretary of war, Edwin Stanton. For the next two days the debate went on. Therefore on the 24th of February the house voted 126/46 to impeach President Andrew Johnson. The Senate drafted 11 Articles of Impeachments against Johnson. These articles where:
1. Dismissing Stanton from office after the Senate had voted not to concur with his dismissal and had ordered him reinstated.
2. Appointing Thomas Secretary of War ad interim despite the lack of vacancy in the office, since the dismissal of Stanton had been invalid.
3. Appointing Thomas without the required advice and consent of the Senate.
4. Conspiring, with Thomas and "other persons to the House of Representatives unknown," to unlawfully prevent Stanton from continuing in office.
5. Conspiring to unlawfully curtail faithful execution of the Tenure of Office Act.
6. Conspiring to "seize, take, and possess the property of the United States in the Department of War."
7. Conspiring to "seize, take, and possess the property of the United States in the Department of War" with specific intent to violate the Tenure of Office Act.
8. Issuing to Thomas the authority of the office of Secretary of War with unlawful intent to "control the disbursements of the moneys appropriated for the military service and for the Department of War."
9. Issuing to Major General William H. Emory orders with unlawful intent to violate the Tenure of Office Act.
10. Making three speeches with intent to show disrespect for the Congress among the citizens of the United States.
11. Was a repeat of all the offense.
On May 26th only 35 republicans voted to remove Johnson from office. Even though 35 republicans voted to remove him from office they were one vote shy of the two-thirds that is needed for this action. Therefore Johnson was not removed
Richard Nixon served for almost two terms as President, but his second term in office was cut short due the Watergate scandal. The Watergate scandal is where it was discovered that Nixon was using federal agency to help him be reelected for presidency. Once the information was out Nixon became charge under the Articles of Impeachment. In 1974 Nixon was charged under three separate articles which were:
1. Obstruction of Justice
a. Making or causing to be made false or misleading statements to lawfully authorized investigative officers and employees of the United States.
b. Withholding relevant and material evidence or information from lawfully authorized investigative officers and employees of the United States.
c. Approving, condoning, acquiescing in, and counseling witnesses with respect to the giving of false or misleading statements to lawfully authorized investigative officers and employees of the United States and false or misleading testimony in duly instituted judicial and congressional proceedings.
d. Interfering or...

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