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Impact Of Ict On Accounting Practice In Nigeria

1690 words - 7 pages

The risk that the auditor gives an inappropriate audit opinion when the financial report is materially misstated. Audit risk has three components; inherent risk, control risk and detection risk. Audit risk refers to the chance of an error slipping through an audit, usually a financial audit, and resulting in a flawed audit report. Generally, audit risk is represented by the following formula: Audit Risk (AR) = IR x CR x DR. In the formula, IR, or inherent risk, refers to the susceptibility of misstatement, assuming that there are no internal controls to counter that chance of misstatement. Control risk (CR) expresses the chance that internal controls won't catch a misstatement, and detection ...view middle of the document...

An audit is an accounting procedure under which the financial records of a company or individual are closely inspected to make sure that they are accurate. Many American taxpayers fear an Internal Revenue Service audit, while dishonest companies fear independent audits of their business practices which may reveal embezzlement and other misuses of funds. An audit keeps a company honest and also reassures employees and investors as to the financial status of the organization. There are two primary types of audit: internal audits and independent audits.
In finance, an audit report, also referred to as an evaluation report in the United Kingdom, is a summary or document generally submitted by either an external independent auditor or internal audit officer. It contains the findings of an audit done on the financial records or accounts of a company. This report is a significant tool used in evaluating whether quality standards are met by the company.
Most audit reports contain the analytical and systematic review, assessment, and recommendations made by the auditor on the business matter. An audit report is commonly performed on the financial aspect of the business as well as on the performance of the company's management. It may also be done on a section, division, department, or on the entire business itself.
An audit strategy can refer to a design to carry out an internal audit, or to a plan designed to handle an audit by an outside agency such as a tax bureau. In both cases, proper planning, research, and organization can contribute to a faster, more efficient process. There are many different theories on how to approach an audit strategy; for complex cases, many financial experts suggest hiring a qualified account or consultant who can ensure that all regulations are comprehensively met during the process.
Audits are external reviews of financial information conducted by public accounting firms. Prior to engaging in the audit process, accounting firms create an audit plan for each client.


1. Audits plans consist of the accounting functions that will be reviewed by auditors during the audit. Auditors may request a "prepared by client" list from their clients; this limits the time spent gathering information for the audit process.


2. Audit plans indicate which transactions and accounting functions will be tested during the audit. Auditors and clients will decide how intense the audit plan will be based on the fees paid by the client.


3. Companies may request auditors to test the internal controls related to their accounting processes; this helps accounting management understand the weaknesses in their internal audit process.


4. Audits provide companies with more opportunities for external financing and investment options. External stakeholders and banks rely on these audits as an approval of the company's accounting processes.


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