MIGRANT WOMEN AND THEIR LIVELIHOOD FRAME WORK IN DHAKA CITY: A CASE STUDY ON T&T SLUM
Chapter | Page no. |
1. Introduction | 4 |
2. Methodology | |
2.1 Focus Group | 5 |
2.2 Group Size | 5 |
2.3 Data Collection | 6 |
2.4 Data Analysis 2.5 Limitation ...view middle of the document...
The influence of occupation on migrant females’ urban adaptation is also
Dhaka is one of the world’s fastest growing large cities. In Bangladesh, landlessness and the
modernization of the agricultural system, frequent natural calamities, as well as prevailing
poverty and the scarcity of work in the villages forced many women and their families to migrate
to the cities. The movement of entire poor nuclear families to the city opened up new
opportunities for women to enter the cash-earning economy and to contribute to family income.
Poor women’s participation in Dhaka’s informal economy is crucial to the survival of most of
the poor households living in the slums and squatter areas of the city. Within nuclear families,
very often, the household head’s income is not sufficient to maintain the entire family in the city.
Hence, women have little choice but to involve themselves in some kind of income-earning
work, and this work has a vital role in the initial stages of urban adaptation.
The paper is based on the findings of a survey which focused on poor women living in the slums
and squatter areas of the city. It has been noted that women in many Third World countries move
to the cities because rural employment opportunities have declined steadily with the introduction
of modern modes of production and there are greater prospects for female employment in the
cities than in the villages. Bangladeshi women lagged behind in migration streams because of
social customs and the stigma attached to women moving independently. In recent years, the
modernization of the agricultural system and the static work situation in the villages, persistent
poverty and regular natural disasters have forced women to migrate to the cities with their
families as well as independently.
In this paper, a number of people was interviewed on employment opportunities for migrant
women in slum areas in Dhaka city.
2.1 Focus group:
A focus group is 'a small group discussion focused on a particular topic and facilitated by a
researcher' (Tonkiss, 2004: 194).In our survey we have interviewed poor women aged 18 to 40
who were migrated to Dhaka city from their native village for their financial development.
2.2 Group size:
We divided all the women into 2 groups. One of those groups consisted women aged from 18 to
25 and the another group consisted women aged from 26 to 40.
2.3 Data collection:
In our survey we mainly focused on those migrated women who have come to Dhaka city for
finding more employment opportunities for the betterment of their life. Moreover, we have tried
to focus more on those women who are migrated by their own and living here. Also it is
observed that their dream of having a better life with financial efficiency is fulfilled or not. By
their age we individually interviewed over their problems, obstacles and ...