Fixed assets are the primary asset of Old Line Manufacturing Company (Old Line). As of December 2011, Old Line is having liquidity problems. Old Line’s borrowing base is limited to 60% of its net fixed assets. The CFO has been entertaining the idea of changing from US GAAP to IFRS. The bank has agreed to loan up to 60% of the net fixed assets regardless of whether Old Line uses US GAAP or IFRS for accounting purposes.
Land is carried at its historical cost of $4.0 million, while its fair value is $5.0 million.
Building B, with a 30-year life, was acquired 10 years ago at a cost of $60.0 million. The fair value of the building is estimated to be $40.0 million at the end of ...view middle of the document...
This equipment was acquired in 2008 at a cost of $10.0 million. It had a six-year service life with a $1.0 million estimated scrap value. At the end of 2009, the equipment was believed to be impaired and it was written down $2.0 million. At the end of 2011, it no longer appears any impairment reserve is necessary.
This piece of equipment was acquired in 2011 at a cost of $12.0 million. The service life is expected to be eight years and no net salvage value is expected. A major component of this equipment is the motor, which costs $4.0 million and must be replaced every four years.
Construction of this equipment started on January 1, 2011 and was completed on January 1, 2012. Old Line borrowed $20.0 million denominated in US dollars on January 1, 2011 to finance construction of this equipment. The interest rate on this loan was 10%. Old Line made payments to the construction company of $10.0 million on January 1, 2011 and $10.0 million on July 1, 2011. Excess funds during this period were invested at a return of 6%. Old Line also incurred a $1.0 million exchange rate loss on other borrowings during 2011.
a. Provide an analysis of the accounting for each fixed asset item using US GAAP and IFRS. Assume the Company uses straight-line depreciation for all its fixed assets and takes a full year of depreciation in the year of the addition. The accounting issues include, but not limit to, capitalization of borrowing costs, impairment and its reversal, component depreciation, and fair value reporting.
b. Based on your analysis, determine how to best maximize the amount of net fixed assets.