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Ib History Paper 1&2 Essays

3336 words - 14 pages

1. TO WHAT EXTENT WAS THE RISE TO POWER OF HITLER AND THE THIRD REICH,

THE RESULT OF PREVIOUS POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS?

Introduction

Paragraph: Hitler was able to become Germany’s chancellor in 1933 and after 6 months he was already

able to establish a dictatorship. It is surprising how such an abominable personage was able to gain total

control over Germany, which had been able to become a democratic republic. As Kershaw stated, “the

future of Weimar looked promising. And without the onset of the world economic crisis from 1929 it

might have remained so”.

Thesis: The rise to power of Hitler and the Third Reich was to a large extent the result of previous ...view middle of the document...

In addition, due to the origins of Germany, there was barely any commitment to the democracy,

especially from the Elites who disliked the democracy and wanted to return to an authoritarian system.

Weimar also experienced several crisis, which eventually leaded to Hitler’s rise. After the Monetary

Crisis, during which Germany was refused a break from the reparation payments and experienced a sky-

high inflation, the Nazi Party was born. After the failure of Hitler’s Munich Beer Hall Putsch of 1923, the

Nazi Party was able to win popularity and Hitler became aware that the only way to seize power was

through legal terms.

Body Paragraph 3 - WWI

Stab in the back – after the end of WWI the German army, concretely Ludendorff and Hindenburg,

claimed that they would have been capable of winning if there hadn’t been a lack of support and unity at

home. This was known as the ‘stab in the back’ theory, which became very popular among Germans who

weren’t willing to accept the defeat. Hitler used this as a way to attack the Weimar Republic, especially

the Communists and the Jews who were also blamed for undermining the war effort.

Treaty of Versailles – England and France forced Germany to pay heavy reparations that seemed

unachievable since they were considered guilty for the war. In addition, their army was also greatly

reduced, they were disarmed and many territories were taken away. This created a sense of bitterness

throughout Germany, whose economy was unsustainable. However, during the 1920’s the Locarno Era

was able to bring optimism to Europe and the world. Germany’s reparations were reduced after the

Dawes Plan and Young Plan and Germany was able to pay some reparations due to the loans given by the

US. However, in 1929 the US experienced the Wall-Street Crash and fell into depression, calling in the

loans given to Germany.

Body Paragraph 4 – The Great Depression

When the US experienced the Wall-Street Crash in 1929 the whole country fell into recession, and with

them the world. They started calling in the loans given to Germany, thus breaking with the ‘illusion’ that

had taken control over Germany during those last years. As a result of this, Germany also fell into

depression; eventually the world was in recession and the Great Depression took place. The Nazis, which

had disappeared during the Locarno Era, revived. The German society was in chaos and saw the Nazis as

a way to bring the greatness they had lost back to Germany. In 1928 the Nazi Party only had 12 seats, but

by 1932 they had reached 230 seats in the Reichstag assembly. In 1933 Hitler was already Germany’s

Chancellor and within a few months he was able to establish a totalitarian state.

2. ANALYZE THE MAIN FACTORS, WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO HITLER’S RISE TO

POWER IN JANUARY 1933.

Introduction

Paragraph: Hitler was able to become Germany’s chancellor in 1933...

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