Industrial/Organizational Psychology Worksheet
The purpose of this assignment is to examine the fundamental concepts of the field of industrial/organizational psychology. Using the textbook, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, answer the following questions. Your responses to each question will vary but overall should be 700- to 1,050-words in length.
1. Describe the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology.
During World War I the United States and United Kingdom began to implement the industrial/organization (I/O) response to the military’s request with private and government sectors (Spector, 2012). The United States, I/O were more concerned with an employee’s performance and organizational productivity. The United Kingdom directed more energy toward the health and fatigue of employees (Spector, 2012). The I/O continued to rise after the World War I in many areas used in the world today ...view middle of the document...
2. Explain why industrial/organizational psychology should be considered a science. Include an explanation of how descriptive and inferential statistics are used in I/O research.
Industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology should be considered a science because it is the study of the human behavior in the workplace and within organizations (Spector, 2012). The study is to improve work performance, the health and well-being of its employees, satisfaction and safety. The practice of I/O psychology is based on research produced by data gathered by scientist. The Data gathered from these many scientist is dependent upon successfully come to a conclusion (Spector, 2012). Developing procedures used to select and train employees was one of the major contributions researches presented to I/O psychology (Spector, 2012). Research can solve many problems that are faced within an organization. These problems may consist of employee turnover, disgruntle employees, and theft in the workplace (Spector, 2012). Although most research data is published in major publications or journals produced by associations and private entities, practitioners can get access to research data by attending annual conferences (Spector, 2012).
3. Discuss the influence industrial/organization psychology has had on organizations. Provide examples.
The passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 along with the Disabilities Act in 1990 was two key influences that shaped the field of I/O Psychology in the United States (Spector, 2012). Valuable information from these Acts was used to improve the workplace for private and government sector. The Hawthorne study was another contributor for over 10 years at his Western Electric Company. Hawthorne’s original studies began with light brightness, how humidity influenced productivity, and the overall environment of his company. It soon developed in to a more meaningful study, the study of his employees on a psychological level. This study helped where it could make a better environment which will end in a greater percent of productivity. Hawthorne’s strategy was the beginning of a better environment. He gave his employees individual attention that made them work harder because they felt their feedback was heard.