Hyothlus And Hunger Essay

1633 words - 7 pages


The hypothalamus is a complex area of the brain and links the endocrine system through the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus is responsible for a lot of biological functions and is the main regulator of homoeostasis. Homoeostasis is responsible for the production and maintenance of a stable internal environment. The hypothalamus controls blood pressure body temperature the circadian rhythm, heart rate hunger, immune response, sexual desire thirst and water balance. The hypothalamus produces and secretes neurohormone for reactions through stimulation or inhibits certain neurotransmitters. The hypothalamus has three main areas ...view middle of the document...

It is responsible for spatial sense, navigation, language processing motor movement of hands arms and eyes. Damage to this area can cause apraxia a motor disorder and schizophrenia damage to the right side of the parietal lobe can cause loss of imagination and image visualisation. On the left side, damage can cause problems with maths, understanding symbols long reading and also writing. The temporal lobe located below the lateral fissure its function is language responsible for visual memory processing sensory information, storing new memories emotions and comprehending language. The temporal lobe contains the hippocampus problems with this area can cause sensory processing disorder. Also playing a part in Alzheimer's and other dementia as well as auditory processing disorders. The cerebellum is responsible for motor control with cognitive functions like attention and language. Regulation of fear and pleasure responses as well as Co ordination. It is located at the base of the brain problems in this area can be disorders in fine movement posture motor learning and the equilibrium. Disorders are stroke, alcohol, physical traumas like A gunshot and chronic degenerative conditions. The corpus Colosseum found under the cortex and connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres and facilitates communications. Disorders in this area can cause hydrocephalus autism and MS.The hypothalamus is a complex area of the brain linking the nervous system to the endocrine system, through the pituitary gland that is the size of an almond found just above the brain stem. The hypothalamus is the main regulate of homoeostasis dealing with blood pressure, body temperature heart rate, hunger sexual desire immune response, thirst water balance and circadian rhythm. It Helps the internal harmony of the body. The thalamuses’s are an inner chamber found between the cerebral cortex and mid brain. It relays sensory information and motor signals to the cerebral cortex along with the regulation of sleep, conciseness and alertness. It is the main product of embryonic diencephalon. The thalami located near the top of the brain stem and part of the nuclear complex made up of the hypothalamus epithelium ventral thalamuses’s and dorsal thalamuses’s. The thalamuses’s are responsible for pain.tempratre crude touch and a switch board of information. Problems with the thalamuses can be in victims of stroke and insomnia.

The pituitary gland is an endocrine gland the size of a pea next to the hypothalamus at the base of the brain. It secretes hormones that regulate homoeostasis comprised of anterior intermediate and poster lobes. The hormones secreted are growth hormones, thyroid stimulation, adrenocorticotropic hormone, beta-endorphin, prolactin luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, anti diuretic hormone, breast milk production, oxytocin sex organs blood pressure, temperature regulation, pain relief, thyroid gland and metabolism.The pons found above the medulla...

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