Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci
Born on April 15, 1452, in Vinci, Italy, Leonardo da Vinci was the epitome of a “Renaissance man.” Possessor of a curious mind and keen intellect, da Vinci studied the laws of science and nature, which greatly informed his work as a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, military engineer and draftsman. His ideas and body of work—which includes "Virgin of the Rocks," "The Last Supper" and "Mona Lisa"—have influenced countless artists and made da Vinci a leading light of the Italian Renaissance.
Leonardo was, and is, renowned primarily as a painter. Among his works, the Mona Lisa is the most famous and most parodied portrait and The Last Supper ...view middle of the document...
Atop of the under painting, da Vinci would layer transparent glazes within a small range of tones. Typically, the colors used were natural hues; da Vinci never used intense or bold colors or tints in contrasting colors. By using such a small range of colors, he was able to give his finished works a more cohesive appearance.
The Leonardo da Vinci painting technique used natural hues that were muted in intensity. Most often, his works used blues, browns and greens in accordance to the earth itself. He also incorporated neutral grays, typically for under painting.
Leonardo incorporated glazes using the da Vinci painting technique of sfumato. Meaning “like smoke,” smufato consists of applying dark glazes in place of blunt colors to add a depth that could not be achieved otherwise. Leonardo da Vinci is quoted explained how he created compound colors by painting a transparent color over the saying that “when a transparent color lies over another color differing from it. This technique created what he described as a, a compound color that is composed of, but which differs from, each of the simple colors.”
Techniques Used to Create His Great Works of Art
One of his most well-known paintings, the Mona Lisa, displays some of the techniques used by da Vinci in its grandeur. For instance, the use of sfumato gave the painting an illusion of somberness and mystery, while his choice of color palette reflects why her lips and eyes are so pale.
In The Last Supper, da Vinci used tempera over an under painting made from ground pigments called gesso, which caused the painting to become almost unrecognizable 100 years later. He also painted directly on the stone wall surface rather than painting on wet plaster, as was the norm, which means it is not a true fresco painting.
CRITICISMS ABOUT WORKS
Art criticism simply involves talking about art. The viewer will try to get inside the head of the
artist and ask questions such as “What was the artist trying to say?” and look at the artwork with a critical eye as it relates to application of the seven art elements: line, shape, space, value, color, texture, and form. But the viewer should also look within himself and ask why he likes or dislikes this particular work.
Being able to talk about a piece of artwork and make it personal is a good way to increase critical thinking skills. There are ample opportunities to connect art to everyday learning. A basic understanding of the seven art elements and the five design principles (balance, proportion, rhythm, emphasis, and unity) can offer a great way to dive into a conversation when your son admires the graphics in a new game or your daughter gushes over a fabric design and texture.
It was during the era of the Renaissance that artists discovered the principles of linear and aerial perspective to bring more realism to their works. Da Vinci pioneered the use of one-point perspective to provide a strong focal point with his sacred...