This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Humanistic And Existential Personality Theories Essay

1253 words - 6 pages

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories
In a perfect world, there would only be one, if not two different types of personality theories that psychologists would have to choose from in order to diagnose and treat their patients with, but variety, as they say, is the spice of life. In addition to that of psychodynamic personality theories, another set of equally important, and perhaps more interesting are that of humanistic and existential theories, made popular by psychologists Carl Rodger and Abraham Maslow.
Humanistic and Existential Analysis Individual Personalities
Humanistic and ...view middle of the document...

“The fundamental contributions of existential therapy is its understanding of man as being” (Kiser, 2007, p. 2). This theory implies that an individual is in an endless process of becoming who he or she truly are and are meant to be.
When combined each theory provides an inner picture of an individual, and employs him or her to evaluate underlying factors, by taking responsibility, and making independent decisions. Row (2011) combined the theories and states, “An existential-humanistic (EH) theory, orientation, and practice of psychotherapy is a framework which emphasizes presence, awareness, and personal responsibility, in service to achievement of full potential, within a world which is limited yet brimming with possibility” (p. 2).
Interpersonal Relationships
Two humanistic theories are the holistic-dynamic theory and the person-centered theory. The holistic-dynamic theory was created by Abraham Maslow and for his approach to motivation he developed a hierarchy of needs with five levels. These levels start with the most basic needs and work up to the higher level needs. Meeting these needs guide a person’s behavior. For interpersonal relationships, the needs on the hierarchy will fall under the first level, which is physiological then the third and fourth levels, which are love or belongingness and esteem (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). The physiological need would be sexual needs, the love or belongingness need would be intimacy, and the esteem need would be respect from others (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). Of course they are not limited to those needs but those are some prime examples. With those needs one will engage in interpersonal relationships in a way that these needs will be met. For example, one needs respect from others so one will not treat others poorly because they know that if they do they will be treated poorly as well. One’s need for intimacy and sex will motivate one to seek out a mate, to care for them, woo them, to establish a meaningful relationship, etc.
Carl Roger developed person-centered theory, which suggests that the important values and choices people have and make are within their control (Feist & Feist, 2009). With this humanistic theory, it is in a person’s own control how they have interpersonal relationships. Although, if that person wants healthy relationships they know that they must behave accordingly; if they behave poorly, they will, by choice, lose or damage interpersonal relationships they may have. Between the two humanistic theories, Maslow’s theory is based off of needs which provide the motivation and guide behavior when having interpersonal relationships, and Rodger’s is based on the fact that one is in control of their behavior, so if they want or need something it is up to them to make the right choices...

Other Papers Like Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories

Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality

1419 words - 6 pages Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality The stages of human development are influenced by biological and humanistic theories. Maslow's hierarchy of needs stresses the need for and individual to discover their own personality and gain self-control in their personal life. Abraham Maslow had a theory that an individual will desire more in life once they have accomplished the basic needs in life. Humanistic features of personality

Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality

1129 words - 5 pages Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Sophia Williams-Ivey PSY/250 December 21, 2015 Anne Snyder Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Throughout the movement of human psychology over the years, going back to the early 20th century we learned about the dominant theories then, such as psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud, which suggest that sexual urges and aggression drive human beings. Secondly, the

Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality

668 words - 3 pages Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality PSY/250 April 23, 2013 Richard Dehmer Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality All people have unique personalities, but not all analysts agree on how personalities are formed. This paper will discuss the hierarchy of needs. This theory uses five levels that each individual must progress through to reach self-actualization. This theory of personality also aligns with

Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality - 1191 words

1191 words - 5 pages meaning, insight, and harmony within, and with the universe that (Wood, Boyd, &Wood, 2008) In this paper I have use Maslow’s hierarchy needs to discuss the extent to which growth needs influence personality information. It has explained biological factors that influence the information of personality. This paper has explained the relationship of biological factors to Maslow’s theory of personality. It has also described the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are incompatible with biological explanations of personality.

Personality Analysis: Dispositional And Learning Theories

1662 words - 7 pages Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories Your Name Here PSY/405 Date Here Instructors Name Here Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories Historically, behavioral scientists longed for a method by which they could gain a better understanding of the progression of human behavioral development. A group of such scientists believed that neglecting the study of the individual and focusing only on groups and

: Compare and Contrast the Psychodynamic and Humanistic Approaches to Understanding Personality

1549 words - 7 pages Individual Differences and social Psychology 1 Essay 1: Compare and contrast the psychodynamic and humanistic approaches to understanding personality. Personality has a vast and diverse history and numerous personality theories have been proposed. This essay will compare and contrast the two main theories guiding personality: Sigmund Freud’s Psychodynamic theory and Carl Rogers Humanistic theory. The topics covered are general explanations of

Personality Overview

1575 words - 7 pages Friday or | | | | |after Sunday of this week. | | | |Week Three: Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories | | |Details

Personality Theries

1579 words - 7 pages humanistic and existential theories of personality offer many insights into the creation of human individuality, but modern psychology has yet to agree on which one of these theories is most prevalent. The existential mind is a mind that believes the way of life is made through decisions consciously or unconsciously. When this frame of mind is applied, it shows what type of personality the person has. Most decisions in life are made according to


2147 words - 9 pages -- the core of one's personality and character.  Kohut is credited with adding the concept of "empathy" to the everyday discourse of psychotherapy.  Psychoanalytic and Humanistic are all psychotherapy which are techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to life for every patients. The general goal is to help people gain greater control over and improvement in their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. These

Personality Reflection

659 words - 3 pages personality as relative self. After reading chapter 1 of Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research and cross referencing memories of friends, family, and even media personalities, and encompassing ideas from the author such as correlations in the study of personalities. Then there are eight aspects to personality, psychoanalytic, neo-analytic/ego, biological, behaviorist, cognitive, trait, humanistic/existential, and interactionist. As an adult

Personality And Interpersonal Relationships

1291 words - 6 pages understand and clarify what makes each individual unique and different from everyone. Several personality theories were born in the course of time, two of those theories of personality are called psychoanalytical and humanistic theories. This paper will further explain each of them, their strengths and limitations, their assumption, amongst other crucial factors for each approach. Psychodynamic Theories Various psychologists contributed to the

Related Essays

Humanistic And Existential Personality Theories Essay

1175 words - 5 pages Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Many theorists have dedicated their lives trying to figure out how the personality of a person is shaped. While the theories presented have brought up interesting and valid points on what causes personality, there are others that have taken a different approach to its study. There is the Humanistic-Dynamic theory by Abraham Maslow, the Person-Centered theory by Carl Rogers, and the Existential

Humanistic And Existential Personality Theories Worksheet

741 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Worksheet Fill-in the Blank 1. Abraham Maslow proposed the _____Humanistic____________ theory of personality. 2. According to Maslow, self-fulfillment and realization of one’s full potential are examples of ______basic__________ needs. 3. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs proposes that ___lower basic needs_________ needs must be satisfied before

Humanistic And Existential Theories Paper

1299 words - 6 pages Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories University of Phoenix (NAME) PSY 405 August 1, 2011 Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Humanistic and existential personality theories are a very important part of psychology. Both of these theories have origins starting in philosophy and moving into psychology. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses and the effects on individual

Biological And Humanistic Theories Essay

800 words - 4 pages Biological and Humanistic Theories PSY/250 April 29, 2010 James Fullilove Biological and Humanistic Theories Biological and humanistic are two theories that describe a person’s personality, or the way people respond in everyday life. This paper will inform the reader of a comparison and contrast between the two theories, how they correlate with people personalities throughout the world that exist, whether you have a