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Human Trafficking In Russia And Ukraine

1608 words - 7 pages

Human trafficking and exploitation have been in existence since the beginning of time. This paper focuses on the underground economy of human trafficking and its relation to the transitioning economies of Russia and Ukraine. To understand the scope of the issue of human trafficking on transitioning economies, the history and origination of the issue must be clearly understood. The emergence of human trafficking, also commonly referred to as modern day slavery, can be dated back to the beginning of the 20th century; the start of slavery when humans were trafficked for mainly for labor. Records of human slavery within Europe date back to ancient Greece and Rome, but the practice did not end ...view middle of the document...

Women began to be trafficked into prostitution to serve the German troops. But what differentiates slavery from the current human trafficking? Unlike the past, human trafficking it is not controlled or sanctioned by the state, as was the African slave trade, the enslavement of native populations in the New World or the slave labor of the Third Reich. Apart from those who individuals who managed the white slave trade, enslavers were not organized criminals or crime networks. Instead, today criminal groups and networks control trafficking and increasingly assume the important role as facilitators of human trafficking.
Human Trafficking as defined in Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficker in Persons defines Trafficking in persons as the
“recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation.”
From the early 20th century studies were conducted to explore the inclination behind human trafficking. These studies considered factors such factors such as the number of women engaged in prostitution, the demand and the surrounding environment of the women who were trafficked, including information about potential traffickers. Such measures were progressive steps in addressing the problem of human trafficking. In the year 1904, The International Agreement for the Suppression of White Slave Traffic was put into action and its main purpose was to protect women, young and old from being involved in “white slave traffic” previously defined. Years after, other developments against human trafficking emerged. As concern over the trafficking of women and children reemerged in the aftermath of World War I and the “reopening of commerce and frontiers”, the League of Nations(LON) held international conferences and conventions on the issue. Steps such as the 1921 Convention for the Suppression of Traffic in Women and Children and the 1933 International Convention for the Suppression of Traffic in Women of Full Age rejected narrow focus on white slavery and included calls for wider criminalization and greater punishment of trafficking offenses. In 1956, India enacted the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act designed to persecute the third parties in human trafficking in activities such as brothels, those earning a living from sex work or those who captured and entrapped or imprisoned people into prostitution. The Act was deemed unsuccessful as it failed to protect many of the women who were forced into prostitution. Such Acts are often merely symbolic or ceremonial, a gesture of societal appeasement
On December 1949, The United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in...

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